• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Recognition of Factors Affecting Women's Readability of Urban Space (Case Study: Ekbatan Town, Tehran)
        Maryam Rahmati Ali Asgari Zahra Sadat Kamone Sara Shayanfar
        Readability is one of the main characteristics of high-quality urban environments that allow the individual to establish a favorable relationship between the individual and the urban environment for a correct and deep understanding of the environment. When placed in a r More
        Readability is one of the main characteristics of high-quality urban environments that allow the individual to establish a favorable relationship between the individual and the urban environment for a correct and deep understanding of the environment. When placed in a readable environment, the mental image of people in the form of cognitive maps of the environment, makes people navigate easily when moving in space and will not feel confused. Today, following modern urban planning and the emergence of modern residential complexes, due to the low quality of diversity, we see poor readability that Ekbatan town, as an example of modern urban planning, has poor readability. As gender affects perception and Environmental preference affects and among them, women constitute the largest population of the society, whose presence depends on readability and security in the environment. So the purpose of this article is to identify and create a readable urban space for women in Ekbatan and seeks to answer this question: What factors affect the readability of women from Ekbatan town and what is the distribution of factors in the town? This research has been done qualitatively and data analysis has been used for the final evaluation. This research firstly redefines the concepts of readability, mental image, cognitive map, women's perception using documentary studies and library resources, then based on the concepts extracted from the theoretical part of the research, identifying readability factors in Ekbatan town by field method and attending Town, preparation of mind maps, the questionnaire is realized, data is measured using percentage and reliability assessment is done with Spss software. Studies show that indigenous women with high residence time and well-understand, consider the town as a readable environment. They do not feel confused by their mental imagery of the town and its readability components. Factors affecting women's readability in the town are Basij Square, Sarem Hospital, and Nafisi Street, respectively, and the sections outside the residential blocks are more readable than the inner sections of the blocks. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - Predicting the level of marital satisfaction of women compared to men based on spiritual intelligence in two groups of students
        Ramin Ghazanfari Asma Abyar Mahshid Tajrobekar
        This study aimed to predict the women's marital satisfaction level compared to men based on spiritual intelligence in two groups of students in Kerman. The sample of this study included 160 people selected by random sampling, 80 of whom were married seminary students of More
        This study aimed to predict the women's marital satisfaction level compared to men based on spiritual intelligence in two groups of students in Kerman. The sample of this study included 160 people selected by random sampling, 80 of whom were married seminary students of Kerman, and the other 80 were married students of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman. The King Spiritual Intelligence Questionnaire and the Inrich (Enrich) Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire were used to collect data. Pearson correlation, t-test, two independent groups, linear regression were used to analyze the collected data with SPSS 23 software. The results showed that there is a significant difference between spiritual intelligence and marital satisfaction between the two groups of students. Also, seminary students have more marital satisfaction than the other group (p <.001). There was no significant difference between the spiritual intelligence of men and women. Considering that spiritual intelligence shapes individual behaviors in society, it is effective in solving life problems. The purpose of this study was to clarify the importance of spirituality and spiritual intelligence on the level of marital satisfaction. Therefore, by strengthening spiritual intelligence in these two influential groups in society, it is possible to help increase marital satisfaction and empower them. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Comparative Study of Islamic and Western Perspective of Women’s participation in economic activities
        Soheila Biria
        Women make up half of the world’s population. Therefore, their economic activities, as half of the community workforce, are very effective in achieving economic growth and development. Different societies have different views about the extent of women’s participation in More
        Women make up half of the world’s population. Therefore, their economic activities, as half of the community workforce, are very effective in achieving economic growth and development. Different societies have different views about the extent of women’s participation in economic activities. In the west view, Women enter the labor market without any restriction and engage the economic activities. Their job role is primarily in priority and important than the role of their mother and wife. But in Islam views, while emphasizing woman’s participation in economic activities, their roles as mother and wife are emphasized. Islam accepts woman’s employment under certain conditions. In this research, an attempt has been made to examine these two perspectives and compare them with each other. Then, the consequences and results of these views on the current situation of women in these societies are examined. This article has been prepared by descriptive and analytical methods, using library information. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Investigating the Relationship between Emotional Dysfunction, Sexual Excitement in Women Affected by Marital Infidelity in Bojnourd in 1399
        mojtaba aghili parasto yazdani
        This study aimed to investigate the relationship between emotional malaise and sexual arousal in women affected by marital infidelity in Bojnourd in 1399. This research is part of applied research in terms of purpose and descriptive survey research in terms of implement More
        This study aimed to investigate the relationship between emotional malaise and sexual arousal in women affected by marital infidelity in Bojnourd in 1399. This research is part of applied research in terms of purpose and descriptive survey research in terms of implementation method. The statistical population of this study included 180 women affected by marital infidelity. According to Morgan's formula, 118 people were selected by stratified random sampling. The data collection tool was Toronto Emotional Dysfunction Questionnaire (1994), and a researcher-made questionnaire was used to measure sexual arousal in women. Multivariate stepwise regression analysis was used for statistical analysis. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between emotional malaise and sexual arousal in women affected by marital infidelity. The findings of this study can draw the attention of those in charge of the family education system to prepare appropriate educational programs to resolve marital conflicts and teach life skills. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - The Effect of Laughter Yoga on Resilience and Hope to Live in COVID-19 Crisis among Women in the Zone 9 of Mashhad
        Sedigheh Karimi Razieh Lotfi
        The Corona crisis has had important psychological consequences. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of laughter yoga on resilience and hope in life due to the Corona crisis among women in Zone 9 of Mashhad city. This study was a quasi More
        The Corona crisis has had important psychological consequences. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of laughter yoga on resilience and hope in life due to the Corona crisis among women in Zone 9 of Mashhad city. This study was a quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test with the experimental group. The statistical population of the present study included all women living in Zone 9 of Mashhad, 20 of whom were selected as a sample by available sampling method and taking into account the inclusion criteria and then placed in the experimental group. The subjects in the pre-test phase responded to the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and Snyder Hope Scale then were exposed to a laughter yoga intervention program for 16 two-hour sessions. In the post-test stage, the group answered the research questionnaires again. Data were collected and analyzed by t-test of dependent samples. The results showed that laughter yoga increases resilience and its components including the perception of individual competence, trust in individual instincts, tolerance of negative emotions, positive acceptance of change and safe relationships, control of spiritual effects, and also increase hope to live among women in the Zone 9 of Mashhad city. Laughter yoga exercises are a unique treatment with a focus on simulated laughter and deep breathing, which can be used in different ways to release the stored energy of various conditions such as coronavirus disease and life adverse events through laughter, reducing in this way physical stress, increase health and hope to live. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Predicting Women's Mental Health Shiraz City Based on Seven Evolutionary Lifestyles
        soode dashtiane kazem khorramdel
        This study aimed to investigate the relationship between seven components of women's lifestyle (sleep, omega-3 intake, exercise, sunlight, and socialization, using cyberspace and using traditional media) with their mental health according to an evolutionary point of vie More
        This study aimed to investigate the relationship between seven components of women's lifestyle (sleep, omega-3 intake, exercise, sunlight, and socialization, using cyberspace and using traditional media) with their mental health according to an evolutionary point of view. The statistical population included women over 18 years old living in Shiraz in 1398-99, of which 182 women answered the questionnaires by sampling. Lifestyle questionnaires and Hopkins syndrome were used to collect data. Data analysis was performed using two tests of Pearson correlation coefficient and regression coefficient using SPSS-26 software. The results showed that in general, omega-3 consumption has a significant Curved linear dual relation with mental health. Among the subscales of the Hopkins sign, sleep also showed a significant positive relationship with somatization and obsessive-compulsive disorder. It can be seen that women's lifestyle has a great impact on their mental health, their children, and maintaining the physical and mental health of the family. Promoting a lifestyle that is more in line with women's evolutionary past is a more plausible perspective that can improve their mental health. Manuscript Document