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  • About Journal

    Journal of "Women's Interdisciplinary Research" as the first specialized scientific journal in Iran with an interdisciplinary approach in the field of women's studies

     

    Founder and publisher: 

    Fatemieh Non-Governmental Institute of Higher Education, Shiraz
    Shapa number: 2783-1175

    On 1397/4/17, it succeeded in obtaining a publishing license number 85467 from the Supervisory Commission of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.

    Latest published articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - Investigating the relationship between family communication patterns with meaning in life on first period high school students of Shiraz city
      reza chalmeh raziyeh shakibafard
      Issue 4 , Volume 2 , Winter 2021
      The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of family communication patterns (conversation and conformity) and the meaning in life (presence of meaning and search for meaning). The research sample included 120 first period high school Full Text
      The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of family communication patterns (conversation and conformity) and the meaning in life (presence of meaning and search for meaning). The research sample included 120 first period high school students of Shiraz city (60 girls and 60 boys) who were selected by multi-stage cluster random sampling. The data collected by questionnaire of family communication patterns (Fitzpatrick and Ritchie, 1990) and the meaning in life questionnaire (Steger, 2010). Alpha Cronbach were calculated to examine reliability of the measures. The power of dimensions of family communication patterns (conversation and conformity) was examined in predicting the meaning in life (presence of meaning and search for meaning) by using correlation test and simultaneous regression analysis. According to the results of this study, the dimensions of family communication patterns were able to predict the search for meaning and the strongest prediction was related to the conversation dimension (p <0.05), but the presence of meaning was not predictable by the dimensions of family communication patterns. Whereas, proper communication of family members plays an important role in creating a search for meaning in children, it can be strengthened to increase meaning in life. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      2 - A survey of the roots and cultural aspects of virginity
      مرضیه  زادشم Marziye Borzoeyan
      Issue 4 , Volume 2 , Winter 2021
      Virginity can be studied in various ways. Although virginity is a biological feature, it has been represented in various manifestations throughout history. Virginity is part of a woman's genitals. However, the conceptual meaning of virginity is not limited to women's ph Full Text
      Virginity can be studied in various ways. Although virginity is a biological feature, it has been represented in various manifestations throughout history. Virginity is part of a woman's genitals. However, the conceptual meaning of virginity is not limited to women's physiology and has penetrated the cultural and gender relations of societies and in many cases, has determined the customary, moral, and legal criteria and standards. This study seeks to answer the question: What are the sources and roots of virginity and its meaning in human societies? To this end, virginity was reviewed in a sample of myths, religions, and some primitive and modern societies. The results suggest that the concepts of virginity in different societies are a function of the mythological, historical, economic, and cultural contexts and characteristics, and these components generally confirmed virginity as a virtue throughout the history of most societies. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Investigating the Role of Women in the Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Tendencies of Companies and Financial Performance in Companies Listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange.
      سید داوود حسینی راد مصطفی قاسمی عبدالرضا محسنی
      Issue 4 , Volume 2 , Winter 2021
      In developing countries, women play an important role in promoting families and the growth and development of their countries. The success of women entrepreneurs in societies not only brings economic benefits, but also social and cultural benefits. Three important reaso Full Text
      In developing countries, women play an important role in promoting families and the growth and development of their countries. The success of women entrepreneurs in societies not only brings economic benefits, but also social and cultural benefits. Three important reasons for countries to pay attention to entrepreneurship are "wealth creation, technology development and productive employment"; However, in our country, by mistake, this concept is simply synonymous with "employment" and we are moving towards entrepreneurship only to solve the employment problem. The present study investigates the role of women in the relationship between entrepreneurial tendencies of companies and financial performance in companies listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange. For this purpose, data related to 140 companies listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange for the years 2013 to 2020 were collected and examined by the method of structural equations (PLS). Findings from the study show that women have a moderating role between the criteria of entrepreneurial orientation and performance indicators of the company. This means that the role of women will improve the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and corporate financial performance. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Measuring and Comparing Attitudes Toward Hijab and Spiritual Intelligence among Married and Single Students (Case Study: Fatemieh Higher Education Institute, Shiraz)
      Fateme Taghadosi esmaeel kalantari
      Issue 4 , Volume 2 , Winter 2021
      The purpose of this study was to measure and compare attitudes toward hijab and spiritual intelligence among married and single students. For this purpose, female students in Shiraz Fatemieh Higher Education Institute have been selected as a case study .The statistical Full Text
      The purpose of this study was to measure and compare attitudes toward hijab and spiritual intelligence among married and single students. For this purpose, female students in Shiraz Fatemieh Higher Education Institute have been selected as a case study .The statistical population of all students of the institute in 1300-1499, of which 233 people were selected as a sample by random sampling method. In this research, descriptive method and ANOVA mean comparison test were used and data were collected using King Spiritual Intelligence Scale (SISRI) and standard test of attitude towards hijab .Findings show that attitudes toward hijab are significantly higher among married students than single students. Also, the attitude towards hijab decreases with age. In addition, spiritual intelligence is higher among married students than single students, but this difference is not significant .Spiritual intelligence also increases with age. The findings of this study have important policy and managerial implications for policy makers in the field of higher education, especially the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution and the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, as well as the directors of universities and higher education centers. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      5 - Structural model of the relationship between the tendency to cosmetic surgery with a tendency to fashion and negative body image mediated by cognitive emotion regulation based on the type of surgery in women applying for cosmetic surgery in Bushehr
      soroor khabbaz sabet moloud keykhosrovani Ali Poladi Rishehri mohammad reza Bahrani
      Issue 4 , Volume 2 , Winter 2021
      Introduction: Beauty is often defined as an exclusively feminine trait and mental occupation with appearance is one of the stereotypical aspects of femininity in many cultural groups. The aim of this study was to determine the fit of the structural model of the relatio Full Text
      Introduction: Beauty is often defined as an exclusively feminine trait and mental occupation with appearance is one of the stereotypical aspects of femininity in many cultural groups. The aim of this study was to determine the fit of the structural model of the relationship between the tendency to cosmetic surgery with a tendency to fashion and negative body image mediated by cognitive emotion regulation based on the type of surgery in women applying for cosmetic surgery in Bushehr. Method: The present study is a correlational study. The statistical population of this study was all women applicants for surgery who referred to beauty clinics in Bushehr in 1399. The sample size consists of 400 women who were selected by available sampling. Data collection tools are cosmetic surgery questionnaires, body image, fashion attitudes and cognitive emotion regulation. In order to test this model, the structural equation model method was used.. Results: The coefficient of fashion orientation path to cognitive emotion regulation, negative body image to cognitive regulation and cognitive emotion regulation to tendency to cosmetic surgery have a direct and significant relationship. The upper and lower limits of the indirect relationship between fashion orientation to surgery tendency through cognitive emotion regulation and negative body image to surgery orientation through cognitive emotion regulation do not include zero, which means that these indirect pathways It is meaningful. Conclusion: The fit indices showed that in the whole sample the model has an acceptable fit with the data Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      6 - تبيين الگوي خانواده در باروري با رويكرد فرا تحليلي و استناد بر آموزه‌هاي قرآني
      فاطمه فرهادیان
      Issue 4 , Volume 2 , Winter 2021
      براساس داده‏های منتشر شده از سوی سازمان‌های مختلف جمعیت‏شناختی، نرخ باروری در بسیاری از کشورهای جهان و از جمله در ایران در حال کاهش است. این امر می‏تواند ناشی از دلایل متعددی باشد. با وجود این، دگرگونی‏های فرهنگی طی چند دهه‏ اخیر، در میان سایر تغییرات، بیشتر از همه خودن Full Text
      براساس داده‏های منتشر شده از سوی سازمان‌های مختلف جمعیت‏شناختی، نرخ باروری در بسیاری از کشورهای جهان و از جمله در ایران در حال کاهش است. این امر می‏تواند ناشی از دلایل متعددی باشد. با وجود این، دگرگونی‏های فرهنگی طی چند دهه‏ اخیر، در میان سایر تغییرات، بیشتر از همه خودنمایی می‏کنند: رشد فردگرایی و تفکرات اومانیستی، تغییرات باورها و نگرش ها، رشد سکولاریسم، دگرگونی در ارزش های خانوادگی و تحول خواهی در زمره‏ مهم‏ترین تحولاتی قرار دارند که می‏توان ارتباط آن‌ها را با باروری بررسی کرد. هدف از این پژوهش، مطالعه‏ عوامل مؤثر در باروری در حوزه‏های فردی، خانوادگی و اجتماعی و تبیین الگویی برای خانواده در زمینه باروری با استناد بر شواهد معتبر و با تکیه بر آموزه های دینی است . براین‏اساس، روش تحقیق در این مطالعه، از نوع کیفی و به صورت فراتحلیلی است. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که رابطه‏ کاملاً معناداری میان متغیرهای فردگرایی، مدرنیزاسیون، دینداری، سکولاریسم و ارزش‏های خانوادگی در خانواده ها و باروری وجود دارد؛ به‏این ‏معنا که هر چه میزان التزام به باورهای دینی خانواده بیشتر، سطوح سکولاریسم و فردگرایی کمتر، میزان توجه به ارزش‏های خانوادگی بیشتر باشد، نرخ باروری در آن خانواده ها بیشتر است و برعکس، دینداری کمتر، سکولاریسم و فردگرایی بیشتر و توجه به ارزش‏های خانوادگی کمتر، با نرخ‏های پایین باروری رابطه‏ای مثبت و همسو دارند.در این میان مدرنیزه شدن و تبعات متأثر از آن بر خانواده و به ویژه زنان سهم زیادی در تغییر نگرش ها داشته است. بنابراین الگوی پیشنهادی در سه سطح فردی، خانواده و سطح کلان ارائه می‌گردد و مهم ترین اصل، تغییر در نگرش، باور و ارزش و کنش در هر سه سطح است. چرا که نگرش ها در طول زمان و یک فرایند تحولی شکل می‌گیرند و تبدیل به باور ها و ارزش ها و نهایتاً به کنش می شوند و وقتی شکل گرفتند تغییر آنها به سادگی امکان پذیر نمی باشد و باید در این زمینه اقدامات مؤثری شکل بگیرد. Manuscript Document
    Most Viewed Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - Survey of Social Responsibility of Women Compared to Men (Case Study: Shiraz Financial Staff)
      Seyedeh zeinab ghaemi bob anari MohammadReza Meygoonpoori
      Issue 1 , Volume 1 , Winter 2020
      The social responsibility of the organization, which has been an issue of concern and an eye catching issue in recent years, is an essential factor for the survival of any organization. Demographic characteristics influence social responsibility. The purpose of this stu Full Text
      The social responsibility of the organization, which has been an issue of concern and an eye catching issue in recent years, is an essential factor for the survival of any organization. Demographic characteristics influence social responsibility. The purpose of this study was to investigate the social responsibility of women in comparison with men among the financial staff of Shiraz. The purpose of this study was to conduct a survey based on the purpose of applied research. The statistical population included the financial staff of Shiraz in 1398. The sample size of the study was 96 persons. A two-part questionnaire including Carroll's (1991) demographic and social responsibility questionnaire was used for data collection. In this study, the validity and reliability of the questionnaire were confirmed and the reliability of the questionnaire was measured by Cronbach's alpha. Data were analyzed by means of independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and data were analyzed using SPSS software version 22. Findings showed that the social responsibility of the financial staff was assessed. In addition, the findings of the study showed that there is a significant difference between the level of social responsibility with the variables of gender and education so that the tendency of women to social responsibility is higher than that of men. In the face of problems, they make more responsible decisions and take responsibility There is a significant difference among financial staff with master's degree than financial staff with associate's and bachelor's degree, and the results show that education is different in the two groups of men and women so that the average group of women is larger than the average group. However, there is no significant difference between social responsibility and marital status, work experience, and age. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Identifying and Measuring Factors affecting Entrepreneurial Intention in Engineering Students of Al-Zahra University
      esmaeel kalantari mahbubeh nourizadeh Abolghasem arabiun
      Issue 1 , Volume 1 , Winter 2020
      The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research, and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human reso Full Text
      The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research, and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human resources of universities, have a key role to play in this. The purpose of this study was to identify and measure the factors affecting entrepreneurial intention in engineering students of Al-Zahra University. For this purpose, a survey strategy with a sample size of 438 people was used. Research findings show that entrepreneurial personality traits have a significant positive relationship with students' attitudes to entrepreneurship. There is also a significant positive relationship between entrepreneurial attitude and students' entrepreneurial intentions. In addition, there was a significant positive relationship between perceived support for entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention, but no significant negative relationship between perceived barriers to entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention. Also, among the various engineering disciplines, mechanical engineering students, and among the various academic years, freshman students have the most entrepreneurial intention. The most important policy recommendations in this study include entrepreneurship training for students, continuous monitoring of entrepreneurship attitudes and students' entrepreneurial intentions, and finally, promotional activities and structural reforms to increase student entrepreneurship support and reduce student entrepreneurship barriers. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Comparison of the effects of maternal supportive care and Acupressure (at BL32 Acupoint) during labor on the mother’s anxiety level and Arterial oxygen pressure of the umbilical cord of infants (PO2)
      Zahra Masoudi Marziah AkbarZadeh Najaf Zare
      Issue 1 , Volume 1 , Winter 2020
      Background: The amount of umbilical cord blood gas reflects the fetus’ metabolic status and is one of the main diagnostic criteria of birth asphyxia. The question is whether anxiety caused by labor pain of the mother affects asphyxia birth and umbilical cord blood gase Full Text
      Background: The amount of umbilical cord blood gas reflects the fetus’ metabolic status and is one of the main diagnostic criteria of birth asphyxia. The question is whether anxiety caused by labor pain of the mother affects asphyxia birth and umbilical cord blood gases? Comparison of the effects of maternal supportive care and acupressure (BL32 acupoint) during labor on the mother’s anxiety level and Arterial oxygen pressure of the umbilical cord of infants (PO2). Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was performed on 150 pregnant women who were randomly assigned to two interventions and a control group in the delivery ward of the selected educational center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shoushtari hospital). Mothers’ anxiety scores before (beginning of the active stage of labor) and after the intervention (the end of the first stage of labor) were measured using Spielberger’s questionnaire. then infants’ cord blood samples for arterial blood gas and hematologic analyses sent to the hospital’s laboratory. After all, the data with SPSS version16 and using Pearson’s correlation coefficient, one-way ANOVA, were analyzed. Results: The mean of anxiety score in the control group was 21.1% and in the support group and the acupressure group, decreased by 37.5% and 34.8% respectively (p<0.001). The mean of PO2 was also reported in maternal supportive, acupressure, and control groups, 40.4±8.8, 27.4±2.8, and 18.1±3.7, respectively. Additionally, a significant correlation was found between mothers’ anxiety scores after the intervention and the mean of PO2 (p=0.014). Conclusion: The supportive care and acupressure at BL32 acupoint reduced mothers’ anxiety and, consequently, improved fetal oxygenation. SO, the Support group was better than the acupressure group, but they were not statistically significant. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      4 - The Mediating Role of Spiritual Intelligence on the Relationship between Psychological Capital and Social Vitality of Shiraz Students
      Hajar Kohansal Maryam Tavakoli Fateme Panahi
      Issue 1 , Volume 1 , Winter 2020
      Target: The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of spiritual intelligence on the relationship between psychological capital and social vitality of Shiraz university students. Method: The research is descriptive and correlational. The statistica Full Text
      Target: The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of spiritual intelligence on the relationship between psychological capital and social vitality of Shiraz university students. Method: The research is descriptive and correlational. The statistical population of this study consisted of Shiraz University students in year 98. A total of 200 subjects were selected by convenience sampling from which 174 females and 28 males. Data were collected using King's Spiritual Intelligence Questionnaires, Lutz Psychological Capital, and Oxford Happiness Questionnaires. The data were analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, and regression. Findings: The results showed that the components of psychological capital, hope, and resilience were able to predict social happiness positively and significantly, and also the components of spiritual intelligence, critical thinking, personal meaning production, and awareness expansion, were able to predict social happiness. Positive and significant predictors and variables. Psychological capital and spiritual intelligence as the predictor variable and social vitality variable as the criterion variable were able to predict positive and significant social happiness, so it can be said that spiritual intelligence has a significant and mediating role between hope and optimism with social vitality. Conclusion: Based on the present results, it can be suggested that ways of enhancing spiritual intelligence in learning skills are to increase social vitality and hope among students since students have a basic need for these skills and this is an important issue with the implementation of the course. Training for students in different situations can also be effective Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      5 - The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on improving quality of life and happiness in women with multiple sclerosis in Shiraz
      فریده  انصافداران Athar Afshar
      Issue 1 , Volume 1 , Winter 2020
      The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on quality of life and happiness in M .S patients in Shiraz. The present study is a semi-experimental type. The statistical population of this study included Full Text
      The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on quality of life and happiness in M .S patients in Shiraz. The present study is a semi-experimental type. The statistical population of this study included all patients referring to the MS Society of Shiraz in 1397. Among them, 30 women were selected by available sampling and randomly assigned to two groups of the experimental and control group. The used scales included The quality of life questionnaire for patients with MS Ayatollahy (2006) and the Oxford happiness questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Covariate analysis). The results showed that the implementation of stress management training improves the quality of life(F=10.12, P<00.04) and happiness(F=118.84, P<0.01) in the experimental group compared to the control group. According to the results of the study, cognitive-behavioral stress management can improve the quality of life and happiness in these patients. Therefore, this training program can be used as an intervention program for the target group. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      6 - The role of companies on environmental pollution and its effects on women's health (Case study of female employees of Assaluyeh Petrochemicals)
      ِDavood HoseiniRad Hadi Abdi Ahmad Hashemi Mahdi Arshadi
      Issue 1 , Volume 1 , Winter 2020
      The main purpose of this study was to investigate the role and social commitment of companies on environmental damage and its consequences and effects on the health and health of employees. Case study of female staff of Assaluyeh Petrochemicals. This study examines the Full Text
      The main purpose of this study was to investigate the role and social commitment of companies on environmental damage and its consequences and effects on the health and health of employees. Case study of female staff of Assaluyeh Petrochemicals. This study examines the role, commitment, and support of petrochemicals on the health, health, and staffing of women in relation to pollution and its detrimental effects on the environment. Assaluyeh Petrochemicals. In this research, it is an applied research and a descriptive survey. Our statistical population consists of petrochemical workers in the south of the country who have been involved in bladder cancer and most of these patients are those whose working conditions are such that they should be kept in open space outside office sites and buildings. They are involved in industrial pollution such as green space, repairs, and so on. The statistical population of this study consisted of 58 patients who were selected using the Cochran formula. Accounting plays an important role in corporate social responsibility, environmental crises, existing standards and standards, revenues and costs, and insurance franchises. According to the results of the hypotheses, there is a direct relationship between the role and commitment of petrochemical managers due to its pollutants and its detrimental effects on the environment and the health and health of its female employees. Thus, the incidence of bladder cancer among petrochemical workers is directly related to their work environment. The results show that there is a direct and meaningful relationship between the role and social commitment of companies and the health and health of female employees and their environment. Therefore, managers should play an important role in reducing the illness and health of their employees with the responsibilities they are responsible for, as well as supporting their franchisees with an appropriate insurance franchise for their medical expenses. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      7 - Identifying and Measuring Factors affecting Entrepreneurial Intention in Engineering Students of Al-Zahra University
      mahbubeh nourizadeh
      Issue 1 , Volume 1 , Winter 2020
      The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human resour Full Text
      The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human resources of universities, have a key role to play in this. The purpose of this study was to identify and measure the factors affecting entrepreneurial intention in engineering students of Al-Zahra University. For this purpose, a survey strategy with a sample size of 438 people was used. Research findings show that entrepreneurial personality traits have a significant positive relationship with students' attitude to entrepreneurship. There is also a significant positive relationship between entrepreneurial attitude and students' entrepreneurial intention. In addition, there was a significant positive relationship between perceived support for entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention, but no significant negative relationship between perceived barriers to entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention. Also, among the various engineering disciplines, mechanical engineering students and among the various academic years, freshman students have the most entrepreneurial intention. The most important policy recommendations in this study include entrepreneurship training for students, continuous monitoring of entrepreneurship attitudes and students' entrepreneurial intentions, and finally, promotional activities and structural reforms to increase student entrepreneurship support and reduce student entrepreneurship barriers. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Comparison of the effects of maternal supportive care and Acupressure (at BL32 Acupoint) during labor on the mother’s anxiety level and Arterial oxygen pressure of the umbilical cord of infants (PO2)
      Issue 1 , Volume 1 , Winter 2020
      Background: The amount of umbilical cord blood gas reflects fetus’ metabolic status and is one of the main diagnostic criteria of birth asphyxia. The question is whether anxiety caused by labor pain of the mother has an effect on asphyxia birth and umbilical cord blood Full Text
      Background: The amount of umbilical cord blood gas reflects fetus’ metabolic status and is one of the main diagnostic criteria of birth asphyxia. The question is whether anxiety caused by labor pain of the mother has an effect on asphyxia birth and umbilical cord blood gases? Comparison of the effects of maternal supportive care and acupressure (BL32 acupoint) during labor on the mother’s anxiety level and Arterial oxygen pressure of the umbilical cord of infants (PO2). Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was performed on 150 pregnant women were randomly assigned to two interventions and a control group in the delivery ward of the selected educational center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shoushtari hospital). Mothers’ anxiety scores before (beginning of the active stage of labor) and after intervention (the end of the first stage of labor) were measured using Spielberger’s questionnaire. then infants’ cord blood samples for arterial blood gas and hematologic analyses sent to the hospital’s laboratory. After all, the data with spss version16 and using Pearson’s correlation coefficient , one-way ANOVA, were analyzed. Results: The mean of anxiety score in the control group was 21.1% and in the support group and the acupressure group, respectively, decreased by 37.5% and 34.8% respectively (p<0.001). The mean of PO2 was also reported in maternal supportive, acupressure and control groups, 40.4±8.8, 27.4±2.8 and 18.1±3.7, respectively. Additionally, a significant correlation was found between mothers’ anxiety scores after the intervention and the mean of PO2 (p=0.014). Conclusion: The supportive care and acupressure at BL32 acupoint reduced mothers’ anxiety and, consequently, improved fetal oxygenation. SO, Support group were better than the acupressure group, but they were not statistically significant. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      9 - Society confronts uncircumcised women
      Mahboobeh BabaiiMohamadi Fariba Sedighi Rayeh Mozafarian
      Issue 1 , Volume 2 , Spring 2020
      The present study was carried out to explore the tendency of Lak women toward female genital mutilation (FGM) and their views toward this practice. Interviews were performed with 26 women who had the experience of FGM. Based on the findings, the women’s definition of FG Full Text
      The present study was carried out to explore the tendency of Lak women toward female genital mutilation (FGM) and their views toward this practice. Interviews were performed with 26 women who had the experience of FGM. Based on the findings, the women’s definition of FGM and its goals and factors varied among the three generations. Women of the first generation had been forced into FGM by the society, women of the second generation by their families and the third generation by men. The findings also revealed that the tradition of FGM was not a rough obligation among women in this region, and gypsies encouraged women of the first and second generations to undergo FGM by resorting to religious principles and the specific economic situation of the region, and cosmetic advertisements were what provoked the young women to undergo FGM. Manuscript Document

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Recognition of the religious approach in the field of women's employment in Iran: challenges, opportunities and Policy options
      Nader MotiHaghshenas
      Issue 1 , Volume 2 , Spring 2020
      Women's employment has always been discussed in various dimensions. The creation of paradox in the field of women's employment has raised questions among thinkers in the economic, social, moral, and religious spheres. The argument of this article is to see what is Islam Full Text
      Women's employment has always been discussed in various dimensions. The creation of paradox in the field of women's employment has raised questions among thinkers in the economic, social, moral, and religious spheres. The argument of this article is to see what is Islam's approach to women's employment? What are the obstacles and challenges facing the issue of women's employment in an Islamic society? This research has tried to analyze the economic and living conditions of women by documenting the systematic and exploratory study by reviewing the systematic studies conducted in this field and the theoretical considerations taken from the Islamic point of view, emphasizing its adaptation to the original religious teachings in Islamic Iran. Pay attention to the main purpose. The findings show that although Islam has given women the principle of economic independence, women are both the owners of their labor and production and have no responsibility for the family's economy, but in the context of handing over labor to women in Islam, the interests of society, the family It also takes into account individual circumstances and issues, which create limitations for women's work. Certificates of cognitive population show that women's economic participation has increased from 12.93 percent in the 1976 census to 16 percent in the 2016 census, indicating a change in the participation of women in the Islamic economy, a change in their personal and social identities. An increase in the number of female graduates, women’s employment in different economic sectors and increase in women's activity in management sectors compared to previous decades indicate a significant growth. However, the lack of equal opportunities in favor to men to find jobs, lower wages than men and the unemployment rate of women, especially in higher education, the existence of some social and cultural restrictions on women's employment, attitudes and misconceptions. Compared to the competence of women in various jobs, the expansion of gender inequality in access to resources and the consequent increase in harm due to the lack of readiness and recognition of society are the main concern and challenge of women's employment in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Manuscript Document
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    Saeede Kalantari (دانشجوی دکتری دانشگاه تربیت مدرس)
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    Dr Hadi Bahrami Dr Rahmatoolah Marzooghi (تهران) Usha Barahmand (عضو هیئت علمی (دانشیار) مؤسسه آموزش عالی فاطمیه س شیراز) Abdol Majid Taleb Tash (دانشگاه آزاد اسلامي) Piraii (عضو هیئت علمی (دانشیار) مؤسسه آموزش عالی فاطمیه س شیراز)
    ISSN: 1175-2783
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    fwjour@gmail.com
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    Number of Issues 2
    Count of Volumes 5
    Printed Articles 34
    Number of Authors 93
    Article Views 30109
    Article Downloads 6029
    Number of Submitted Articles 69
    Number of Rejected Articles 3
    Number of Accepted Articles 41
    Admission Time(Day) 139
    Reviewer Count 29