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    Journal of "Women's Interdisciplinary Research" as the first specialized scientific journal in Iran with an interdisciplinary approach in the field of women's studies

     

    Founder and publisher: 

    Fatemieh Non-Governmental Institute of Higher Education, Shiraz
    Shapa number: 2783-1175

    On 1397/4/17, it succeeded in obtaining a publishing license number 85467 from the Supervisory Commission of the Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance.

    Recent Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - The Effectiveness of Schema Therapy on Increasing Self-Efficacy and Life Expectancy of Divorced Women and its Effect on Reducing the Initial Maladaptive Patterns of their Daughters
      mojtaba aghili Arezou Asghari mitra namazi
      Iss. 2 , Vol. 3 , Summer 2022
      This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of schema therapy on increasing self-efficacy and life expectancy of divorced women and its effect on reducing the initial maladaptive patterns of their daughters. The scheme of this experimental study was pretest-posttest More
      This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of schema therapy on increasing self-efficacy and life expectancy of divorced women and its effect on reducing the initial maladaptive patterns of their daughters. The scheme of this experimental study was pretest-posttest with a control group. The statistical population was considered all divorced women and their daughters in Urmia in 2017. The sample consisted of 30 divorced women and their daughters who were referred to the family health clinic under the supervision of the Welfare of West Azerbaijan Province. These women were purposefully selected and divided into two experimental groups (15 people), and a control group (15 people) were randomly assigned. In the experimental group, the intervention was performed in groups of 8 sessions of 90 minutes based on schema therapy, but no intervention was applied to the control group. The instruments were Schier's self-efficacy questionnaire (1982), Schneider's life expectancy questionnaire (1991), and the short form of Young's early maladaptive schemas questionnaire (1998). Research data were analyzed by covariance. Findings showed that schema therapy has effectively increased self-efficacy, the life expectancy of divorced women, and modulating maladaptive schemas of their daughters (P<0.000). Schema therapy as a technique can effectively improve the self-efficacy and life expectancy of these divorced women and modify the maladaptive schemas of their daughters. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - The mediating role of social support in the relationship between psychological well-being and quality of life of female-headed households in Isfahan province
      Bitaalsadat Mirghazanfari hassan khoshakhlagh
      Iss. 2 , Vol. 3 , Summer 2022
      This study aimed to determine the mediating role of social support in the relationship between resilience and psychological well-being in the quality of life of female-headed households in Isfahan province. The research was correlational. The statistical population incl More
      This study aimed to determine the mediating role of social support in the relationship between resilience and psychological well-being in the quality of life of female-headed households in Isfahan province. The research was correlational. The statistical population includes all women heads of households in Isfahan province in 1399, whose number based on the statistics of the Welfare Organization of this province was equal to 1200 people. The statistical sample consisted of 330 people selected by the convenience sampling method. Research instruments included the Wax et al. (1986) Social Support Assessment Scale, the Reef Psychological Well-Being Scale (1989), and the WHO Quality of Life Short Scale (1989). Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 20 and AMOS version 22 and the statistical method of structural equation analysis. The results showed that social support adds 21.1% to the path between psychological well-being and quality of life. The results also showed that social support has a minor mediating role in the relationship between resilience and quality of life of women heads of households in Isfahan province (β = 0.211 and (p <0.05)). Social support has a minor mediating role in the relationship between psychological well-being and quality of life of female-headed households in Isfahan province (β = 0.211 and (p <0.05)). Resilience has a direct effect on the quality of life of female-headed households in Isfahan province (β = 0.350 and (p <0.05)). Also, psychological well-being has a direct effect on the quality of life of female-headed households in Isfahan province (β = 0.350 and (p <0.05). Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Investigating the relationship between Alexithymia and personality traits with happiness in women
      seyed hamid Hosseini seyedeh fatemeh khadem fatemeh abdolahi
      Iss. 2 , Vol. 3 , Summer 2022
      The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between Alexithymia and personality traits with happiness in women . The statistical society included women live in Shiraz during 1400-1399, of which 180 completed questionnaires. In order to collect data, five- More
      The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between Alexithymia and personality traits with happiness in women . The statistical society included women live in Shiraz during 1400-1399, of which 180 completed questionnaires. In order to collect data, five-factor of Neo (Costa & McCrae, 1992) and Emotional Toronto (Bagby et al., 1994) and Oxford Happiness (Argyle et al., 1989) were used. Data analysis was performed using Pearson correlation and regression coefficient using SPSS 26 software. The results of regression analysis showed that neuroticism and extraversion were the significantly negative and positive predictors of happiness, respectively(β = 0.29, β = 0.26). The results also showed that difficulty in emotions significantly predicts the rate of happiness in reversal (β = 0.21). Based on findings, it can be concluded that personality traits are influential on people’s happiness and also the dimensions of alexithymia can decrease the individuals’ happiness. women are the main axes of the family, so their happiness can have a great impact on the education of the next generation. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - Explaining the family pattern in fertility with an analytical approach and referring to Quranic teachings
      فاطمه فرهادیان Narges Afshar
      Iss. 2 , Vol. 3 , Summer 2022
      According to the data published by various demographic organizations, the fertility rate is decreasing in many countries of the world, including in Iran. This can be due to several reasons. Despite this, the cultural transformations during the last few decades, among ot More
      According to the data published by various demographic organizations, the fertility rate is decreasing in many countries of the world, including in Iran. This can be due to several reasons. Despite this, the cultural transformations during the last few decades, among other changes, stand out the most. The growth of individualism and humanistic thoughts, changes in beliefs and attitudes, the growth of secularism, transformation in family values, and reformation are among the most important developments related to fertility. The purpose of this research is to study the effective factors in fertility in the individual, family and social spheres and to explain a model for the family in the field of fertility based on reliable evidence and relying on religious teachings. Therefore, the research method in this study is qualitative and analytical. The research results showed that there is a significant relationship between the variables of individualism, modernization, religiosity, secularism and family values in families and fertility; In this sense, the higher the level of commitment to the religious beliefs of the family, the lower the levels of secularism and individualism, and the higher the level of attention to family values, the higher the fertility rate in those families. In the meantime, modernization and its consequences on the family and especially on women have contributed greatly to changing attitudes. Therefore, the most important principle is the change in attitude, belief, value and action at the three levels of the individual, family and society. Attitudes are formed over time and a transformational process, and then they become beliefs and values and finally actions, and once they are formed, it is simply not possible to change them, therefore, effective measures must be formed in this field. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 -
      Shahab Moradi Shokofeh  Hemati Sima Alizadeh Marzieh Bahar rostami Zahara Bogheiri
      Iss. 2 , Vol. 3 , Summer 2022
      پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر مؤلفه های هویت ملی مربیان پیش دبستانی بر میزان یادگیری مهارت های زبان آموزی نوآموزان استان سمنان انجام شده است. روش پژوهش توصیفی-پیمایشی است و جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل مربیان (خانم)پیش دبستانی در سال تحصیلی 1400-1399به تعداد 91نفر می باشد More
      پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر مؤلفه های هویت ملی مربیان پیش دبستانی بر میزان یادگیری مهارت های زبان آموزی نوآموزان استان سمنان انجام شده است. روش پژوهش توصیفی-پیمایشی است و جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل مربیان (خانم)پیش دبستانی در سال تحصیلی 1400-1399به تعداد 91نفر می باشدکه به شیوه نمونه گیری تصادفی خوشه ای انتخاب شدند . ابزار جمع آوری داده ها، پرسشنامه محقق ساخته مهارت زبان آموزی با 9خرده مقیاس و هویت ملی با 4 خرده مقیاس است.جهت روایی صوری و محتوایی آن از نظر صاحب نظران و متخصصان حوزه کودک و تعلیم و تربیت و پایایی پرسشنامه از آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شد. داده های گرده آوری شده به کمک آمار توصیفی(فراوانی، میانگین و انحراف معیار) و آمار استنباطی(همبستگی اسپیرمن و آزمون کای دو)مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. ارتباط آماری قوی بین "تاثیر آشنایی و احترام گذاردن به آداب و رسوم و مناسبت های دینی و ملی مربیان" با ”شکل گیری کسب توانش نسبی زبانی و ارتباطی نوآموزان (مهارت های زبان آموزی نو آموزان )"مشاهده شد (p valeu<0.05) به عبارت دیگر با افزایش آشنایی و احترام گذاردن به آداب و رسوم و مناسبت های دینی و ملی مربیان مولفه شکل گیری کسب توانش نسبی زبانی و ارتباطی نوآموزان افزایش پیدا میکند؛همچنین بین تحصیلات مربیان و هویت ملی آنها و مهارت زبان آموزی نوآموزان ارتباط معناداری وجود ندارد .(p valeu>0.05) Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - The Effectiveness of Schema Therapy on Marital Satisfaction and Marital Adjustment in Couples Khoy City
      Akbar Soleimannezhad Norieh Hajizadeh
      Iss. 2 , Vol. 3 , Summer 2022
      The present study aimed to investigate the effects of schema therapy on marital adjustment and marital satisfaction in couples referring to health centers of Khoy city. The research method was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest design, a control group, and a fol More
      The present study aimed to investigate the effects of schema therapy on marital adjustment and marital satisfaction in couples referring to health centers of Khoy city. The research method was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest design, a control group, and a follow-up stage. The Statistical population composes of all married women aged 25-40 referring to health centers of Khoy city year 2019. The sampling process was conducted with a random method of simple sampling; 60 women were chosen as sample groups and were determined randomly into experimental groups (n=30) and control groups (n=30). The experimental group received the initial maladaptive Yang et al. (2003) schema therapy for ten 90-minute sessions, and the control group was placed on the waiting list. The research tools included the Enrich marital satisfaction questionnaire (Enrich, 1989) and Instrument included marital adjustment questionnaire (Spanier,1976). Descriptive statistical indexes and analysis of covariance test were applied orderly to data description and testing of research hypotheses. These results showed that Schema therapy affects marital satisfaction and adjustment, and this effect was stable at the follow-up stage. Also, the results of the covariance analysis showed that the interaction schema therapy effect on the marital satisfaction and adjustment components was significant (P<0.05). Regarding the results search, it possibly concluded that schema therapy is an effective intervention in increasing couples’ marital satisfaction and marital adjustment. Manuscript profile
    Most Viewed Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - Survey of Social Responsibility of Women Compared to Men (Case Study: Shiraz Financial Staff)
      Seyedeh zeinab ghaemi bob anari MohammadReza Meygoonpoori
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Winter 2020
      The social responsibility of the organization, which has been an issue of concern and an eye catching issue in recent years, is an essential factor for the survival of any organization. Demographic characteristics influence social responsibility. The purpose of this stu More
      The social responsibility of the organization, which has been an issue of concern and an eye catching issue in recent years, is an essential factor for the survival of any organization. Demographic characteristics influence social responsibility. The purpose of this study was to investigate the social responsibility of women in comparison with men among the financial staff of Shiraz. The purpose of this study was to conduct a survey based on the purpose of applied research. The statistical population included the financial staff of Shiraz in 1398. The sample size of the study was 96 persons. A two-part questionnaire including Carroll's (1991) demographic and social responsibility questionnaire was used for data collection. In this study, the validity and reliability of the questionnaire were confirmed and the reliability of the questionnaire was measured by Cronbach's alpha. Data were analyzed by means of independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and data were analyzed using SPSS software version 22. Findings showed that the social responsibility of the financial staff was assessed. In addition, the findings of the study showed that there is a significant difference between the level of social responsibility with the variables of gender and education so that the tendency of women to social responsibility is higher than that of men. In the face of problems, they make more responsible decisions and take responsibility There is a significant difference among financial staff with master's degree than financial staff with associate's and bachelor's degree, and the results show that education is different in the two groups of men and women so that the average group of women is larger than the average group. However, there is no significant difference between social responsibility and marital status, work experience, and age. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Identifying and Measuring Factors affecting Entrepreneurial Intention in Engineering Students of Al-Zahra University
      esmaeel kalantari mahbubeh nourizadeh Abolghasem arabiun
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Winter 2020
      The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research, and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human reso More
      The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research, and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human resources of universities, have a key role to play in this. The purpose of this study was to identify and measure the factors affecting entrepreneurial intention in engineering students of Al-Zahra University. For this purpose, a survey strategy with a sample size of 438 people was used. Research findings show that entrepreneurial personality traits have a significant positive relationship with students' attitudes to entrepreneurship. There is also a significant positive relationship between entrepreneurial attitude and students' entrepreneurial intentions. In addition, there was a significant positive relationship between perceived support for entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention, but no significant negative relationship between perceived barriers to entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention. Also, among the various engineering disciplines, mechanical engineering students, and among the various academic years, freshman students have the most entrepreneurial intention. The most important policy recommendations in this study include entrepreneurship training for students, continuous monitoring of entrepreneurship attitudes and students' entrepreneurial intentions, and finally, promotional activities and structural reforms to increase student entrepreneurship support and reduce student entrepreneurship barriers. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Comparison of the effects of maternal supportive care and Acupressure (at BL32 Acupoint) during labor on the mother’s anxiety level and Arterial oxygen pressure of the umbilical cord of infants (PO2)
      Zahra Masoudi Marziah AkbarZadeh Najaf Zare
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Winter 2020
      Background: The amount of umbilical cord blood gas reflects the fetus’ metabolic status and is one of the main diagnostic criteria of birth asphyxia. The question is whether anxiety caused by labor pain of the mother affects asphyxia birth and umbilical cord blood gase More
      Background: The amount of umbilical cord blood gas reflects the fetus’ metabolic status and is one of the main diagnostic criteria of birth asphyxia. The question is whether anxiety caused by labor pain of the mother affects asphyxia birth and umbilical cord blood gases? Comparison of the effects of maternal supportive care and acupressure (BL32 acupoint) during labor on the mother’s anxiety level and Arterial oxygen pressure of the umbilical cord of infants (PO2). Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was performed on 150 pregnant women who were randomly assigned to two interventions and a control group in the delivery ward of the selected educational center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shoushtari hospital). Mothers’ anxiety scores before (beginning of the active stage of labor) and after the intervention (the end of the first stage of labor) were measured using Spielberger’s questionnaire. then infants’ cord blood samples for arterial blood gas and hematologic analyses sent to the hospital’s laboratory. After all, the data with SPSS version16 and using Pearson’s correlation coefficient, one-way ANOVA, were analyzed. Results: The mean of anxiety score in the control group was 21.1% and in the support group and the acupressure group, decreased by 37.5% and 34.8% respectively (p<0.001). The mean of PO2 was also reported in maternal supportive, acupressure, and control groups, 40.4±8.8, 27.4±2.8, and 18.1±3.7, respectively. Additionally, a significant correlation was found between mothers’ anxiety scores after the intervention and the mean of PO2 (p=0.014). Conclusion: The supportive care and acupressure at BL32 acupoint reduced mothers’ anxiety and, consequently, improved fetal oxygenation. SO, the Support group was better than the acupressure group, but they were not statistically significant. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - The role of companies on environmental pollution and its effects on women's health (Case study of female employees of Assaluyeh Petrochemicals)
      ِDavood HoseiniRad Hadi Abdi Ahmad Hashemi Mahdi Arshadi
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Winter 2020
      The main purpose of this study was to investigate the role and social commitment of companies on environmental damage and its consequences and effects on the health and health of employees. Case study of female staff of Assaluyeh Petrochemicals. This study examines the More
      The main purpose of this study was to investigate the role and social commitment of companies on environmental damage and its consequences and effects on the health and health of employees. Case study of female staff of Assaluyeh Petrochemicals. This study examines the role, commitment, and support of petrochemicals on the health, health, and staffing of women in relation to pollution and its detrimental effects on the environment. Assaluyeh Petrochemicals. In this research, it is an applied research and a descriptive survey. Our statistical population consists of petrochemical workers in the south of the country who have been involved in bladder cancer and most of these patients are those whose working conditions are such that they should be kept in open space outside office sites and buildings. They are involved in industrial pollution such as green space, repairs, and so on. The statistical population of this study consisted of 58 patients who were selected using the Cochran formula. Accounting plays an important role in corporate social responsibility, environmental crises, existing standards and standards, revenues and costs, and insurance franchises. According to the results of the hypotheses, there is a direct relationship between the role and commitment of petrochemical managers due to its pollutants and its detrimental effects on the environment and the health and health of its female employees. Thus, the incidence of bladder cancer among petrochemical workers is directly related to their work environment. The results show that there is a direct and meaningful relationship between the role and social commitment of companies and the health and health of female employees and their environment. Therefore, managers should play an important role in reducing the illness and health of their employees with the responsibilities they are responsible for, as well as supporting their franchisees with an appropriate insurance franchise for their medical expenses. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on improving quality of life and happiness in women with multiple sclerosis in Shiraz
      فریده  انصافداران Athar Afshar
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Winter 2020
      The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on quality of life and happiness in M .S patients in Shiraz. The present study is a semi-experimental type. The statistical population of this study included More
      The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on quality of life and happiness in M .S patients in Shiraz. The present study is a semi-experimental type. The statistical population of this study included all patients referring to the MS Society of Shiraz in 1397. Among them, 30 women were selected by available sampling and randomly assigned to two groups of the experimental and control group. The used scales included The quality of life questionnaire for patients with MS Ayatollahy (2006) and the Oxford happiness questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Covariate analysis). The results showed that the implementation of stress management training improves the quality of life(F=10.12, P<00.04) and happiness(F=118.84, P<0.01) in the experimental group compared to the control group. According to the results of the study, cognitive-behavioral stress management can improve the quality of life and happiness in these patients. Therefore, this training program can be used as an intervention program for the target group. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - Society confronts uncircumcised women
      Mahboobeh BabaiiMohamadi Fariba Sedighi Rayeh Mozafarian
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 2 , Spring 2020
      The present study was carried out to explore the tendency of Lak women toward female genital mutilation (FGM) and their views toward this practice. Interviews were performed with 26 women who had the experience of FGM. Based on the findings, the women’s definition of FG More
      The present study was carried out to explore the tendency of Lak women toward female genital mutilation (FGM) and their views toward this practice. Interviews were performed with 26 women who had the experience of FGM. Based on the findings, the women’s definition of FGM and its goals and factors varied among the three generations. Women of the first generation had been forced into FGM by the society, women of the second generation by their families and the third generation by men. The findings also revealed that the tradition of FGM was not a rough obligation among women in this region, and gypsies encouraged women of the first and second generations to undergo FGM by resorting to religious principles and the specific economic situation of the region, and cosmetic advertisements were what provoked the young women to undergo FGM. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      7 - The Mediating Role of Spiritual Intelligence on the Relationship between Psychological Capital and Social Vitality of Shiraz Students
      Hajar Kohansal Maryam Tavakoli Fateme Panahi
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Winter 2020
      Target: The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of spiritual intelligence on the relationship between psychological capital and social vitality of Shiraz university students. Method: The research is descriptive and correlational. The statistica More
      Target: The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of spiritual intelligence on the relationship between psychological capital and social vitality of Shiraz university students. Method: The research is descriptive and correlational. The statistical population of this study consisted of Shiraz University students in year 98. A total of 200 subjects were selected by convenience sampling from which 174 females and 28 males. Data were collected using King's Spiritual Intelligence Questionnaires, Lutz Psychological Capital, and Oxford Happiness Questionnaires. The data were analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, and regression. Findings: The results showed that the components of psychological capital, hope, and resilience were able to predict social happiness positively and significantly, and also the components of spiritual intelligence, critical thinking, personal meaning production, and awareness expansion, were able to predict social happiness. Positive and significant predictors and variables. Psychological capital and spiritual intelligence as the predictor variable and social vitality variable as the criterion variable were able to predict positive and significant social happiness, so it can be said that spiritual intelligence has a significant and mediating role between hope and optimism with social vitality. Conclusion: Based on the present results, it can be suggested that ways of enhancing spiritual intelligence in learning skills are to increase social vitality and hope among students since students have a basic need for these skills and this is an important issue with the implementation of the course. Training for students in different situations can also be effective Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Comparative Study of Islamic and Western Perspective of Women’s participation in economic activities
      Soheila Biria
      Iss. 2 , Vol. 2 , Summer 2020
      Women make up half of the world’s population. Therefore, their economic activities, as half of the community workforce, are very effective in achieving economic growth and development. Different societies have different views about the extent of women’s participation in More
      Women make up half of the world’s population. Therefore, their economic activities, as half of the community workforce, are very effective in achieving economic growth and development. Different societies have different views about the extent of women’s participation in economic activities. In the west view, Women enter the labor market without any restriction and engage the economic activities. Their job role is primarily in priority and important than the role of their mother and wife. But in Islam views, while emphasizing woman’s participation in economic activities, their roles as mother and wife are emphasized. Islam accepts woman’s employment under certain conditions. In this research, an attempt has been made to examine these two perspectives and compare them with each other. Then, the consequences and results of these views on the current situation of women in these societies are examined. This article has been prepared by descriptive and analytical methods, using library information. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      9 - The Effect of Laughter Yoga on Resilience and Hope to Live in COVID-19 Crisis among Women in the Zone 9 of Mashhad
      Sedigheh Karimi Razieh Lotfi
      Iss. 2 , Vol. 2 , Summer 2020
      The Corona crisis has had important psychological consequences. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of laughter yoga on resilience and hope in life due to the Corona crisis among women in Zone 9 of Mashhad city. This study was a quasi More
      The Corona crisis has had important psychological consequences. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of laughter yoga on resilience and hope in life due to the Corona crisis among women in Zone 9 of Mashhad city. This study was a quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test with the experimental group. The statistical population of the present study included all women living in Zone 9 of Mashhad, 20 of whom were selected as a sample by available sampling method and taking into account the inclusion criteria and then placed in the experimental group. The subjects in the pre-test phase responded to the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and Snyder Hope Scale then were exposed to a laughter yoga intervention program for 16 two-hour sessions. In the post-test stage, the group answered the research questionnaires again. Data were collected and analyzed by t-test of dependent samples. The results showed that laughter yoga increases resilience and its components including the perception of individual competence, trust in individual instincts, tolerance of negative emotions, positive acceptance of change and safe relationships, control of spiritual effects, and also increase hope to live among women in the Zone 9 of Mashhad city. Laughter yoga exercises are a unique treatment with a focus on simulated laughter and deep breathing, which can be used in different ways to release the stored energy of various conditions such as coronavirus disease and life adverse events through laughter, reducing in this way physical stress, increase health and hope to live. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      10 - Identifying and Measuring Factors affecting Entrepreneurial Intention in Engineering Students of Al-Zahra University
      mahbubeh nourizadeh
      Iss. 1 , Vol. 1 , Winter 2020
      The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human resour More
      The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human resources of universities, have a key role to play in this. The purpose of this study was to identify and measure the factors affecting entrepreneurial intention in engineering students of Al-Zahra University. For this purpose, a survey strategy with a sample size of 438 people was used. Research findings show that entrepreneurial personality traits have a significant positive relationship with students' attitude to entrepreneurship. There is also a significant positive relationship between entrepreneurial attitude and students' entrepreneurial intention. In addition, there was a significant positive relationship between perceived support for entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention, but no significant negative relationship between perceived barriers to entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention. Also, among the various engineering disciplines, mechanical engineering students and among the various academic years, freshman students have the most entrepreneurial intention. The most important policy recommendations in this study include entrepreneurship training for students, continuous monitoring of entrepreneurship attitudes and students' entrepreneurial intentions, and finally, promotional activities and structural reforms to increase student entrepreneurship support and reduce student entrepreneurship barriers. Manuscript profile
    Upcoming Articles

    • Open Access Article

      1 - The Relationship between Family Communication Patterns with Meaning in Life on High School Students in Shiraz
      raziyeh shakibafard reza chalmeh
      The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of family communication patterns(conversation and conformity)and the meaning in life(presence of meaning and search for meaning).The research sample included 120 first period high school stu More
      The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of family communication patterns(conversation and conformity)and the meaning in life(presence of meaning and search for meaning).The research sample included 120 first period high school students in Shiraz(60 girls and 60 boys)who were selected by multi-stage cluster random sampling. The data collected by questionnaire of family communication patterns (Fitzpatrick and Ritchie, 1990) and the meaning in life questionnaire (Steger, 2010). Cronbach's Alpha was calculated to examine reliability of the measures. The power of dimensions of family communication patterns (conversation and conformity) was examined in predicting the meaning in life (presence of meaning and search for meaning) by using correlation test and simultaneous regression analysis. According to the results of this study, the dimensions of family communication patterns were able to predict the search for meaning and the strongest prediction was related to the conversation dimension (p <0.05), but the presence of meaning was not predictable by the dimensions of family communication patterns. Whereas, proper communication of family members plays an important role in creating a search for meaning in children, it can be strengthened to increase meaning in life. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      2 - Predicting Attitudes Toward Infidelity Based On Psychological Capital And Spiritual Well-being In Womens
      somaye mahjoob Seyed Mehdi Hosseini
      Aim: The aim of this study was to predict the attitude towards marital infidelity of women in Shiraz based on psychological capital and spiritual well-being. Method: The statistical population of the present study was women in Shiraz. Using available sampling method, 25 More
      Aim: The aim of this study was to predict the attitude towards marital infidelity of women in Shiraz based on psychological capital and spiritual well-being. Method: The statistical population of the present study was women in Shiraz. Using available sampling method, 250 people were selected as a sample and to collect information, questionnaires of attitude to marital infidelity, psychological capital and spiritual well-being were used, the information of which was analyzed using SPSS24 software. Findings: The results of simultaneous regression indicate that Psychological capital (=-0/80, p<0/04) Three components of self-efficacy (=-0/45, p<0/01), hope (=-0/35, p<0/02), resilience (=-0/36, p<0/05) Also, spiritual well-being (=-0/18, p<0/01), The two components of religious health (=-0/19, p<0/01), existential health (=0/22, p<0/001) were predictors of attitudes toward marital infidelity. Conclusion: The results of the study were discussed based on the research and theoretical. principles According to the research findings, with the increase of psychological capital and spiritual well-being in women, the attitude towards marital infidelity becomes negative and the results of this research can be used in family counseling centers, infidelity treatment and premarital counseling. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      3 - Studying Male-female Relationships and Children with an Emphasis on the Internal and External Effects of Tolerance Through Religious Teachings
      sakineh ganjkhanloo maryam alizadeh
      Tolerance is one of the prominent human qualities that God considered in the Qur'an as a divine blessing and mercy. Tolerance, as a high moral virtue, has a significant effect on personal and social ethics and is one of the principles that has had a tremendous impact on More
      Tolerance is one of the prominent human qualities that God considered in the Qur'an as a divine blessing and mercy. Tolerance, as a high moral virtue, has a significant effect on personal and social ethics and is one of the principles that has had a tremendous impact on the improvement and growth of human relations with others. So, its observance is necessary for the general peace of society. In this regard, this article investigated the relations between men, women, and children from a descriptive and analytical perspective focusing on the internal and external effects of tolerance with a religious teaching approach. Tolerance has internal and external results, and tolerance, as a moral virtue, is one of the qualities that bring people high and honorable positions in this world and the hereafter. Also, it plays a very constructive role in the person's family and social life. Life is full of misfortunes that a person might deal with; if one does not build tolerance and behaves harshly and violently with others in times of difficulty and roughness, it will damage both person's social credit and his/ her religious-moral health. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      4 - The function of education and gender in the family
      kubra rahimi sadullah rahimi Mohammad Dianati
      A correct and accurate evaluation of an idea is conditional on genealogy, that is, the investigation of that idea's philosophical, social, and historical roots. Paying attention to the production of knowledge and empowerment and adherence to the continuation of the deve More
      A correct and accurate evaluation of an idea is conditional on genealogy, that is, the investigation of that idea's philosophical, social, and historical roots. Paying attention to the production of knowledge and empowerment and adherence to the continuation of the development of values and insights today requires the influence of the family function. The family system is relied on adjusting the identity, improving the human personality, and educating people; these factors are based on a proper education system. A rational response is important in the development of responsibility and ethics-oriented stage in the legislative system, as well as education and documentary, up-to-date scientific research. Surveys show that the equal approach in the gender education field does not accept disappointment, skewed thinking, or skewed taste. Also, documented programs make training and coordination stable to remove the concern of gender perspective in the family and society. Education, whether it challenges or perpetuates inequalities, is a significant principle requiring the drawing up of an efficient order in implementation. The regularity principle, the education coordination stages, training, and coordination between physical and mental training are important points of education unity and family stability. The findings show that coordination in the direction of the flourishing of gender characteristics and benefiting from the gifts of gender differences in the necessary opportunities and contexts is not always equal. The result of the efficiency of the research is the creation of platforms that place the subject of gender education in providing equal opportunities and the possibility of making the right choice based on inherent gender differences. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      5 - The right to maternity leave as a human right (a comparative approach with an emphasis on Islamic countries): The Wealth of Islam
      Mohamad Setayeshpur malihe abedi moghadam
      One of the important issues is respecting the rights of women and mothers. One of these rights is the right to maternity leave for working mothers, which has been assigned limited laws and regulations in the international human rights system. The following lines have de More
      One of the important issues is respecting the rights of women and mothers. One of these rights is the right to maternity leave for working mothers, which has been assigned limited laws and regulations in the international human rights system. The following lines have decided to study the right to maternity leave for mothers with a comparative study. The results of the research show that although the international community, governments and human rights institutions always emphasize women's rights and call them effective regardless of any discrimination for women, this type of right, whether as a child's right And as mother's right, as it should be, it does not have binding power in the international human rights system. This is despite the fact that the religion of Islam has addressed various dimensions of the mother's right, and in the legal system of the Islamic Republic of Iran, in accordance with Islam, the right to maternity leave has been addressed for mothers. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      6 - The effectiveness of life skills training on attitudes toward addiction in adolescent girls
      Zahra Nemati behrang esmaeilishad
      This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of life skills training on attitudes toward addiction. The present study was applied in terms of purpose and semi-experimental in terms of nature with a pre-test-post-test design. The statistical population includes all-fem More
      This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of life skills training on attitudes toward addiction. The present study was applied in terms of purpose and semi-experimental in terms of nature with a pre-test-post-test design. The statistical population includes all-female high school students in Bojnourd in the academic year 1399-1400. To select the samples, 30 students were randomly selected and divided into two groups of 15 (15 in the experimental group and 15 in the control group). Life skills were taught to the experimental group in 10 sessions of 90 minutes. The research instrument was the Attitude towards Addiction Questionnaire of Delavar et al (2004). Analysis of covariance and SPSS.24 software were used for statistical analysis of data. The results showed that life skills training courses in schools 56.9% of the attitude towards addiction, 45.4% of the effects of drug use 38.3% of the risks of drug use, and 43.9% of the desire to use Explains drugs. Therefore, it can be said that life skills training courses have a significant effect on attitudes toward addiction. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      7 - Effectiveness of Positive Parenting Group Training for Mothers and its Effect on Children's Aggression and Social Skills
      mojtaba aghili Arezou Asghari mitra namazi
      This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of positive parenting group training for mothers and its effect on children's aggression and social skills. The research method was semi-experimental with a pre and post-test design, a control group, and a 3-month follow More
      This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of positive parenting group training for mothers and its effect on children's aggression and social skills. The research method was semi-experimental with a pre and post-test design, a control group, and a 3-month follow-up. Socio-statistics were all mothers of preschool children in district one of Gorgan city in 2018. The sampling method was a multi-stage cluster, in which 2 schools were randomly selected from among preschool schools in district one of Gorgan city. In the next stage, 2 classes from each school and 60 mothers from the statistical community were randomly selected. They were placed in two groups of experimental (30 people) and a control (30 people). The experimental group was trained for 4 weeks, 2 sessions per week, and no intervention was performed in the control group. A follow-up was conducted 3 months later at the end of the post-test. The data were analyzed by covariance analysis and Bonferroni's post hoc test. Based on the results, the positive parenting training program was effective in all four components of aggression and social skills of preschool children (P<0.05). The results showed that positive parenting training has the necessary efficiency to reduce aggression and increase the social skills of preschool children. Manuscript profile

    • Open Access Article

      8 - Estimation of conflict between couples and solutions based on the secondary analysis of national family survey data in Iran
      Akbari younes mohammad Torkashvand
      The present study examines the rate of marital conflict index in Iran by secondary analysis of national family survey data in Iran. The results of the Couples Conflict Rate Index in Iran indicate that 15.3% of the total number of married respondents have no conflict wit More
      The present study examines the rate of marital conflict index in Iran by secondary analysis of national family survey data in Iran. The results of the Couples Conflict Rate Index in Iran indicate that 15.3% of the total number of married respondents have no conflict with their spouse، 40.7% have low conflict، 26.6% have moderate conflict and 17.5% have high conflict with their spouse. Married people have the least conflict over other issues related to conflict in the type of job and related issues. Among the issues of conflict between couples، the presence of the spouse on time at home with 22.1% and spending time with each other with 21.7، respectively، had the highest percentage of high conflict between couples. Among the existing solutions for resolving the conflict، referring to the judicial authorities and the court has the lowest rate among the solutions for resolving the couple’s conflict، so that (88.8%) of the respondents stated that they do not go to the court and the authorities to resolve the conflict with their spouse. In this regard، 76.5% use a lot of tolerance and 74.5% use a lot of dialogue to resolve the conflict with their spouse، which these two categories had the highest values among the conflict resolution solutions between couples. Manuscript profile
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    Garousi Saeede (Faculty member (professor) of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman)
    Executive Editor
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    Abdolreza Mazaheri (Full Professor, Department of Philosophy and Religions of Mysticism, Islamic Azad University of Central Tehran) Mansour Soodani (Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, Department of Counseling and Guidance) Saeedeh Garousi (Faculty member (professor) of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman) Hamidreza Azemati (Faculty member (professor) of Shahid Rajaei University) Abdol Majid Taleb Tash (Faculty member (Associate Professor) of Fatemiyeh Institute of Higher Education , Shiraz) Usha Barahmand (Faculty member (Associate Professor) of Fatemieh Shiraz Institute of Higher Education , Shiraz) Khosro Piraee (Faculty member (Associate Professor) of Fatemiyeh Shiraz Institute of Higher Education , Shiraz)
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    Last Update 11/28/2022