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      Number1 , Year 2 , Winter 2020

    • Open Access Paper

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      Number1 , Year 2 , Winter 2020

    • Open Access Paper

      3 -
       
      Number1 , Year 2 , Winter 2020

    • Open Access Paper

      4 -
       
      Number1 , Year 2 , Winter 2020

    • Open Access Paper

      5 - Comparison of the effects of maternal supportive care and Acupressure (at BL32 Acupoint) during labor on the mother’s anxiety level and Arterial oxygen pressure of the umbilical cord of infants (PO2)
       
      Number1 , Year 2 , Winter 2020
      Background: The amount of umbilical cord blood gas reflects fetus’ metabolic status and is one of the main diagnostic criteria of birth asphyxia. The question is whether anxiety caused by labor pain of the mother has an effect on asphyxia birth and umbilical cord blood Full Text
      Background: The amount of umbilical cord blood gas reflects fetus’ metabolic status and is one of the main diagnostic criteria of birth asphyxia. The question is whether anxiety caused by labor pain of the mother has an effect on asphyxia birth and umbilical cord blood gases? Comparison of the effects of maternal supportive care and acupressure (BL32 acupoint) during labor on the mother’s anxiety level and Arterial oxygen pressure of the umbilical cord of infants (PO2). Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was performed on 150 pregnant women were randomly assigned to two interventions and a control group in the delivery ward of the selected educational center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shoushtari hospital). Mothers’ anxiety scores before (beginning of the active stage of labor) and after intervention (the end of the first stage of labor) were measured using Spielberger’s questionnaire. then infants’ cord blood samples for arterial blood gas and hematologic analyses sent to the hospital’s laboratory. After all, the data with spss version16 and using Pearson’s correlation coefficient , one-way ANOVA, were analyzed. Results: The mean of anxiety score in the control group was 21.1% and in the support group and the acupressure group, respectively, decreased by 37.5% and 34.8% respectively (p<0.001). The mean of PO2 was also reported in maternal supportive, acupressure and control groups, 40.4±8.8, 27.4±2.8 and 18.1±3.7, respectively. Additionally, a significant correlation was found between mothers’ anxiety scores after the intervention and the mean of PO2 (p=0.014). Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      6 -
       
      Number1 , Year 2 , Winter 2020

    • Open Access Paper

      7 - Comparison of the effects of maternal supportive care and Acupressure (at BL32 Acupoint) during labor on the mother’s anxiety level and Arterial oxygen pressure of the umbilical cord of infants (PO2)
      Number1 , Year 1 , Winter 2020
      Background: The amount of umbilical cord blood gas reflects fetus’ metabolic status and is one of the main diagnostic criteria of birth asphyxia. The question is whether anxiety caused by labor pain of the mother has an effect on asphyxia birth and umbilical cord blood Full Text
      Background: The amount of umbilical cord blood gas reflects fetus’ metabolic status and is one of the main diagnostic criteria of birth asphyxia. The question is whether anxiety caused by labor pain of the mother has an effect on asphyxia birth and umbilical cord blood gases? Comparison of the effects of maternal supportive care and acupressure (BL32 acupoint) during labor on the mother’s anxiety level and Arterial oxygen pressure of the umbilical cord of infants (PO2). Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was performed on 150 pregnant women were randomly assigned to two interventions and a control group in the delivery ward of the selected educational center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shoushtari hospital). Mothers’ anxiety scores before (beginning of the active stage of labor) and after intervention (the end of the first stage of labor) were measured using Spielberger’s questionnaire. then infants’ cord blood samples for arterial blood gas and hematologic analyses sent to the hospital’s laboratory. After all, the data with spss version16 and using Pearson’s correlation coefficient , one-way ANOVA, were analyzed. Results: The mean of anxiety score in the control group was 21.1% and in the support group and the acupressure group, respectively, decreased by 37.5% and 34.8% respectively (p<0.001). The mean of PO2 was also reported in maternal supportive, acupressure and control groups, 40.4±8.8, 27.4±2.8 and 18.1±3.7, respectively. Additionally, a significant correlation was found between mothers’ anxiety scores after the intervention and the mean of PO2 (p=0.014). Conclusion: The supportive care and acupressure at BL32 acupoint reduced mothers’ anxiety and, consequently, improved fetal oxygenation. SO, Support group were better than the acupressure group, but they were not statistically significant. Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      8 - Identifying and Measuring Factors affecting Entrepreneurial Intention in Engineering Students of Al-Zahra University
       
      Number1 , Year 1 , Winter 2020
      The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human resour Full Text
      The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human resources of universities, have a key role to play in this. The purpose of this study was to identify and measure the factors affecting entrepreneurial intention in engineering students of Al-Zahra University. For this purpose, a survey strategy with a sample size of 438 people was used. Research findings show that entrepreneurial personality traits have a significant positive relationship with students' attitude to entrepreneurship. There is also a significant positive relationship between entrepreneurial attitude and students' entrepreneurial intention. In addition, there was a significant positive relationship between perceived support for entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention, but no significant negative relationship between perceived barriers to entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention. Also, among the various engineering disciplines, mechanical engineering students and among the various academic years, freshman students have the most entrepreneurial intention. The most important policy recommendations in this study include entrepreneurship training for students, continuous monitoring of entrepreneurship attitudes and students' entrepreneurial intentions, and finally, promotional activities and structural reforms to increase student entrepreneurship support and reduce student entrepreneurship barriers. Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      9 - effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on quality of life and happiness in M .S patients in Shiraz
       
      Number1 , Year 1 , Winter 2020
      The purpose of this study was determining the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on quality of life and happiness in M .S patients in Shiraz.. The present study is semi- experimental type. The statistical population of this study included a Full Text
      The purpose of this study was determining the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on quality of life and happiness in M .S patients in Shiraz.. The present study is semi- experimental type. The statistical population of this study included all patients referring to the MS Society of Shiraz in 1397. Among them, 30 woman were selected by available sampling and randomly assigned to two groups of experimental and control group. The used scales included The quality of life questionnaire for patients with MS Ayatollahy (2006) and the Oxford happiness questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Covariate analyze). The results showed that the implementation of stress management training improves the quality of life(F=10.12, P<00.04) and happiness(F=118.84, P<0.01) in the experimental group compared to the control group. According to the results of the study, cognitive-behavioral stress management can improve the quality of life and happiness in these patients. Therefore, this training program can be used as an intervention program for the target group. Paper Details

    • Open Access Paper

      10 - study was to investigate the mediating role of spiritual intelligence on the relationship between psychological capital and social vitality of Shiraz university students
      Number1 , Year 1 , Winter 2020
      Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of spiritual intelligence on the relationship between psychological capital and social vitality of Shiraz university students. Method: The research is descriptive and correlational. The statistical po Full Text
      Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of spiritual intelligence on the relationship between psychological capital and social vitality of Shiraz university students. Method: The research is descriptive and correlational. The statistical population of this study consisted of Shiraz University students in year 98.A total of 200 subjects were selected by convenience sampling from which 174 females and 28 males. Data were collected using King's Spiritual Intelligence Questionnaires, Lutz Psychological Capital, and Oxford Happiness Questionnaires. The data were analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient and regression. Findings: The results showed that the components of psychological capital, hope, and resilience were able to predict social happiness positively and significantly, and also the components of spiritual intelligence, critical thinking, personal meaning production, and awareness expansion, were able to predict social happiness. Positive and significant predictors and variables. Psychological capital and spiritual intelligence as predictor variable and social vitality variable as the criterion variable were able to predict positive and significant social happiness, so it can be said that spiritual intelligence has a significant and mediating role between hope and optimism with social vitality. conclusion: Based on the present results, it can be suggested that ways of enhancing spiritual intelligence in learning skills are to increase social vitality and hope among students, since students have a basic need for these skills and this is an important issue with the implementation of the course. Training for students in different situations can also be effective Paper Details

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