• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - Society confronts uncircumcised women
        Mahboobeh BabaiiMohamadi Fariba Sedighi Rayeh Mozafarian
        The present study was carried out to explore the tendency of Lak women toward female genital mutilation (FGM) and their views toward this practice. Interviews were performed with 26 women who had the experience of FGM. Based on the findings, the women’s definition of FG More
        The present study was carried out to explore the tendency of Lak women toward female genital mutilation (FGM) and their views toward this practice. Interviews were performed with 26 women who had the experience of FGM. Based on the findings, the women’s definition of FGM and its goals and factors varied among the three generations. Women of the first generation had been forced into FGM by the society, women of the second generation by their families and the third generation by men. The findings also revealed that the tradition of FGM was not a rough obligation among women in this region, and gypsies encouraged women of the first and second generations to undergo FGM by resorting to religious principles and the specific economic situation of the region, and cosmetic advertisements were what provoked the young women to undergo FGM. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - The comparison of the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Clomipramine in treating patients with obsessive compulsive disorders in men and women in the city of Shiraz
        Ali Derakhtkar Fatmemeh Najian Tabriz Hanie Mordadi Arame SafiKhani
        Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of ACT and Clomipramine was used to treat OCD and to determine the most effective type of treatment in reducing the symptoms of patients with OCD. Methods: This research was an applied and research project More
        Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of ACT and Clomipramine was used to treat OCD and to determine the most effective type of treatment in reducing the symptoms of patients with OCD. Methods: This research was an applied and research project. It was a quasi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test, follow-up, and control groups. The research population was obsessive-compulsive disorder referring to counseling centers in the summer of 2018 and received a definitive diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Sampling was done by the access method. Participants were randomly assigned to 3 groups of 15. Subjects were evaluated before and after the intervention by the Yale Brown questionnaire. To analyze the statistical data, analysis of variance (repeated measure) was used by SPSS software version 21. Findings: The findings of this study showed that both types of treatment in the short-term affects the improvement of symptoms of OCD (P<0/01), but in follow-up, ACT treatments maintained their therapeutic effect. Moreover, there was no significant difference between men and women statistically in this study. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate a more lasting effect of treatment based on acceptance and commitment, and this seems to be important due to the combination of Eastern techniques and Western psychology that makes treatment more effective for Iranian patients. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Recognition of the religious approach in the field of women's employment in Iran: challenges, opportunities and Policy options
        Nader MotiHaghshenas
        Women's employment has always been discussed in various dimensions. The creation of paradox in the field of women's employment has raised questions among thinkers in the economic, social, moral, and religious spheres. The argument of this article is to see what is Islam More
        Women's employment has always been discussed in various dimensions. The creation of paradox in the field of women's employment has raised questions among thinkers in the economic, social, moral, and religious spheres. The argument of this article is to see what is Islam's approach to women's employment? What are the obstacles and challenges facing the issue of women's employment in an Islamic society? This research has tried to analyze the economic and living conditions of women by documenting the systematic and exploratory study by reviewing the systematic studies conducted in this field and the theoretical considerations taken from the Islamic point of view, emphasizing its adaptation to the original religious teachings in Islamic Iran. Pay attention to the main purpose. The findings show that although Islam has given women the principle of economic independence, women are both the owners of their labor and production and have no responsibility for the family's economy, but in the context of handing over labor to women in Islam, the interests of society, the family It also takes into account individual circumstances and issues, which create limitations for women's work. Certificates of cognitive population show that women's economic participation has increased from 12.93 percent in the 1976 census to 16 percent in the 2016 census, indicating a change in the participation of women in the Islamic economy, a change in their personal and social identities. An increase in the number of female graduates, women’s employment in different economic sectors and increase in women's activity in management sectors compared to previous decades indicate a significant growth. However, the lack of equal opportunities in favor to men to find jobs, lower wages than men and the unemployment rate of women, especially in higher education, the existence of some social and cultural restrictions on women's employment, attitudes and misconceptions. Compared to the competence of women in various jobs, the expansion of gender inequality in access to resources and the consequent increase in harm due to the lack of readiness and recognition of society are the main concern and challenge of women's employment in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Five major factors of personality and positive and negative perfectionism as predictor of symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder in adolescent girls
        Niloofar Shahidpoor Fatemeh Ajhdari Farzad Amiri
        The Relationship of Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symtoms with Five Big Factors of Personality and Perfectionism in 18-22 Years Old Girls in Shiraz. Purpose: The aim of the present study is evaluation the relation of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms with five big factors o More
        The Relationship of Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symtoms with Five Big Factors of Personality and Perfectionism in 18-22 Years Old Girls in Shiraz. Purpose: The aim of the present study is evaluation the relation of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms with five big factors of personality and positive and negative perfectionism in 18-22 years old girls in Shiraz. Method: This study was descriptive- correlation type study which was and has been Performed on 300 students girls 18-22 years old of Fatemieh and Shiraz University. Which participants was selected using available convenient sampling method. Data collection instruments were questioners of Body Image Concern Inventory (BICI: Litelton,2005), short NEO form five big factors of personality (NEO- 60),Terry-short positive and negative perfectionism standard questioner and demographic questioner used. The data were analyzed by analysis with using SPSS-21 software. Findings: According to Obtained results based on Pearson correlation cofficiene showed that there is a significant positive correlation between variables neuroticism (B=0/395), extraversion (B=0/144) and agreeableness (B=0/089) with body dysmorphic disorder and there is no significant correlation between variables conscientiousness and openness with body dysmorphic disorder. Body dysmorphic disorder has a significant and negative relationship with negative perfectionism. It means that by increasing negative perfectionism, body dysmorphic disorder also increases and also, Regression analysis results show that negative perfectionism, is the most powerful predictor for body dysmorphic disorder (B=0/477). Furthermore between positive perfectionism with body dysmorphic disorder there is an indirect relationship (B=-0/224) it means that by increasing positive perfectionism component, body dysmorphic disorder decrease. Result Conclusion: obtained results showed that among five big factors of personality, the three most powerful factors of Neuroticism, agreeableness and extraversion are the most powerful predictor of body dysmorphic disorder. Also negative perfectionism can cause to increase disorders,this negative perfectionism can cause exhibit disorders;that this negative perfectionism can be in relation with personality traits variable that is an important element of predicting body dysmorphic disorder causing creation and corroboration of disorder;although personality traits possed with positive perfectionism can explain the revrse result of negative perfectionism. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Prediction of Parental stress based on early maladaptive schemas and quality of marital life in mothers with children with special needs
        Maryam Mirzaii Fenjani Banafshe Omidvar
        The aim of this study was to predict parenting stress based on early maladaptive schemas and quality of marital life in mothers with children with special needs in Shiraz. The research method was descriptive. The statistical population included all mothers of children w More
        The aim of this study was to predict parenting stress based on early maladaptive schemas and quality of marital life in mothers with children with special needs in Shiraz. The research method was descriptive. The statistical population included all mothers of children with children with specific needs in Shiraz, using a sampling method, 220 subjects were selected. They completed parent stress questionnaires, marital quality of life, and early maladaptive schemas. To analyze the hypotheses, multiple regression analysis was used. Results in the first hypothesis showed that the quality of marital life could predict the parents' stress in mothers with children with special needs. In the second hypothesis, early maladaptive schemas could predict the stress of parents of mothers with children with special needs. In the third hypothesis, two variables of quality of life in marriage and early maladaptive schemes have been able to predict the stress of parents of mothers with children with special needs. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Investigating and comparision the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and personality disorder in addicted women
        Marzieh Aghaii Hojatollah Javidi Ghasem Naziri
        The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and characteristics of personality disorders among opioid-dependent women located in Shiraz centers addiction treatment. The research design was correlational. The statistical po More
        The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and characteristics of personality disorders among opioid-dependent women located in Shiraz centers addiction treatment. The research design was correlational. The statistical population of this study consisted of 43 opioid-dependent women located in Shiraz addiction treatment centers who were selected by available sampling method andanswered the Young Schema Questionnaire (1988) and Millon Clinical Multi-Axis Questionnai (1987) and analyzed with Pearson correlation coefficient, t-test for dependent groups and multivariate regression of the input model. The present study has 2 research questions about the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and characteristics of personality disorders, differences in early maladaptive schemas and characteristics of personality disorders among women. The results showed that there is a significant correlation between early maladaptive schemas and the characteristics of personality disorders. The results of multivariate regression of the entry model also showed that schemas are able to predict the characteristics of personality disorders and also about the differences in characteristics of personality disorders among addicted women, only antisocial personality disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder were significant. Manuscript Document