• List of Articles


      • Open Access Article

        1 - The Role of Self-efficacy and Emotional Intelligence in Predicting Marital Conflict Resolution among Mashhad University Students
        Masood Salehi Mohammad Javad  Asghari Ebrahim Abad
        Several factors affect marital satisfaction, among which we can mention self-efficacy and emotional intelligence. This study aims to predict conflict resolution based on two variables of self-efficacy and emotional intelligence. This study was descriptive-correlational. More
        Several factors affect marital satisfaction, among which we can mention self-efficacy and emotional intelligence. This study aims to predict conflict resolution based on two variables of self-efficacy and emotional intelligence. This study was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population included all married students of the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Among them, 150 people from two faculties of literature and theology were selected using the cluster sampling method. Research tools included the Shering Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (Saffari Nia & Selgi, 2011), Sherer Self-efficacy (Sherer & Maddox, 1982), and the Kansas Marital Conflict Scale (Corcoran & Fisher, 2000). Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 21 and stepwise regression. Findings show that emotional intelligence with (Beta=24.6) and emotional intelligence with (Beta= 32.5) self-efficacy had significant effect on conflict resolution (P <0.01). Based on this study, emotional intelligence with self-efficacy have an important role in marital satisfaction. So this information can help in reducing conflict between couples. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        2 - The effectiveness of group counseling based on logotherapy on loneliness and depression of mothers with children with learning disabilities
        mohsen nazarifar neda ghanei far
        This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of group counseling based on logotherapy on reducing loneliness and depression in mothers with children with learning disabilities. The present study was semi-experimental. The statistical population was all mothers having More
        This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of group counseling based on logotherapy on reducing loneliness and depression in mothers with children with learning disabilities. The present study was semi-experimental. The statistical population was all mothers having children with learning disabilities, referred to the Velayat Learning Disabilities Center in Ahvaz. Among whom, 20people were selected by the available sampling method and were divided randomly into experimental and control groups. Data collection in this study was conducted by the Behavior of Loneliness Questionnaire (UCLA) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Experimental group sessions were held with a logotherapy approach during ten 90-minute sessions. Descriptive statistics mean and standard deviation, and inferential statistics, multivariate and univariate analysis of covariance, were used. The results showed that group therapy based on logotherapy reduces loneliness and depression of mothers with children with learning disabilities (P˂0.01). Therefore, this therapeutic approach possibly is employed as an effective method to help reduce loneliness and depression in mothers of children with learning disabilities. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        3 - The relationship between depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder with marital satisfaction in pregnant women In Malekan, 2018
        Fariba AzizNejhad Gholamheydar  Nikkho Saba Mohamad Gh N MAHSA SALIMI KIVI Hojjat Aziznejhad
        Marital satisfaction is one of the factors for progress and achieving life goals while having psychological problems such as depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder can be obstacles to achieving these goals. This study aims to investigate the relationship between d More
        Marital satisfaction is one of the factors for progress and achieving life goals while having psychological problems such as depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder can be obstacles to achieving these goals. This study aims to investigate the relationship between depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder with marital satisfaction in pregnant women in Malekan. This research is descriptive-analytical. The statistical population included primiparous women of Malekan city in 2019. Hundred people were selected from the clients of health centers, using the available sampling method. Data collection tools were the Beck questionnaire to determine the degree of depression, the Madzley Obsessive-compulsive disorder, and Enrich questionnaire to determine marital satisfaction, completed by interview. Data were analyzed by Chi-square, Fisher, Pearson, and multiple linear regressions. The results of multiple linear regression of the effect of depression on marital satisfaction showed that depression had a statistically significant relationship with the subscales of marital satisfaction, relationship, conflict resolution, and ideal distortion. Also, the results of multiple linear regression of the effect of obsession on marital satisfaction showed that obsession had a statistically significant relationship with the subscales of communication and ideal distortion. In conclusion, the present study showed that the relationship between depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder with marital satisfaction is inverse. Marital satisfaction in pregnant women with depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder was lower than in healthy people. Therefore, it should be considered as one of the important priorities to reduce these problems. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Predicting Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Symptoms Based on Personality Factors in Female College Students in Shiraz
        shiva zare Seyed Mehdi Hosseini
        The present study was aimed to examine the personality factors as predictors of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The present study was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical society of this study included all female college students studying at universities in More
        The present study was aimed to examine the personality factors as predictors of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The present study was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical society of this study included all female college students studying at universities in Shiraz city during 2019-2020 among which 256 students were selected through multi stage cluster sampling and then questionnaires were distributed among them. In order to collect data were used the Padua Inventory-Washington State University Revision and Hexaco-60 questionnaire. The data were analyzed through Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple linear regression with SPSS-16 software. The results of this study showed that among personality dimensions, honesty/humility, extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness have significantly negative correlation with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder symptoms and among them only conscientiousness (Beta=-0.18) could significantly predict Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder symptoms. Based on results of this study it can be concluded that conscientiousness has more important role in predicting Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder symptoms and in vulnerability to this disorder. Since mental health is an important factor in quality of life, psychotherapists can keep these information in mind during diagnosing and therapy sessions. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        5 - Strategies to deal with the collapse of the family unit based on the teachings of the Holy Quran (The verses of Surah Talaq)
        Ebrahim Kalantari Fateme Layeghi
        One of the harms that the local community recognizes is the deterioration of the marital bond and the collapse of the family unit due to divorces, which have many negative consequences in various aspects of human life; concerning divorce consequences, it prevents it fro More
        One of the harms that the local community recognizes is the deterioration of the marital bond and the collapse of the family unit due to divorces, which have many negative consequences in various aspects of human life; concerning divorce consequences, it prevents it from being found of marriage. The Holy Qur'an, as the pure and important source of Islam, has offered beneficial strategies to preserve the family unit and reduce divorces. This study aimed to find the strategies to deal with the center of the collapsing family, which are stated in Surah Al-Talaq; these strategies are into two categories: action, insight, and tendency. In Al-Talaq Surah, the practical strategies are observed, including a specific time limit for divorce, the presence of a woman at her husband's home during the divorce period, a proper separation, and the presence of two just witnesses overseeing the divorce. The strategies of insight and inclination of Surah Al-Talaq are remembrance of God, invitation to piety, divine protection, divine command, belief in the resurrection, learning from the punishment of rebellious human beings of the past, paying attention to the power and knowledge of God. Manuscript profile
      • Open Access Article

        6 - Investigating the mediating role of cognitive flexibility and cognitive control in the relationship between mindfulness and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in women
        reza chalmeh fatemeh abdolahi
        The present study was conducted to investigate a causal model for identifying the prognosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder based on mindfulness, control and cognitive flexibility in women. The present study was a descriptive correlational study in which the assumed re More
        The present study was conducted to investigate a causal model for identifying the prognosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder based on mindfulness, control and cognitive flexibility in women. The present study was a descriptive correlational study in which the assumed relationships between variables were investigated using the path analysis method. In this model, the mindfulness variable was considered as an exogenous variable, and cognitive control and flexibility were considered as mediating variables and symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder as an endogenous variable. The statistical population included all women aged 18 and over living in Shiraz, of which 150 were selected as a sample group by random sampling. The tools used in this study included Yale Brown obsessive-compulsive disorder questionnaires, Freiburg mindset (short form), and cognitive control and flexibility. The results showed that mindfulness predicts the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder inversely and significantly (β = -0.35). Cognitive flexibility (β = -0.24) and cognitive control (β = -0.23) were also negative and significant predictors of obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms. Mindfulness was a positive and significant predictor of cognitive control (β = 0.80) and cognitive flexibility (β = 0.60). Finally, cognitive flexibility and cognitive control were able to mediate the role of exogenous and intrinsic variables. Play a child. Accordingly, mindfulness can reduce the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder by affecting the two variables of cognitive flexibility and cognitive control. Mindfulness predicts the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder inversely and significantly. In addition, cognitive flexibility is a negative and significant predictor of symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder; In addition, both cognitive flexibility and cognitive control variables could play a mediating role between exogenous and endogenous variables. Accordingly, mindfulness can reduce the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder by affecting the two variables of cognitive flexibility and cognitive control. Manuscript profile