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      • Open Access Article

        1 - The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on improving quality of life and happiness in women with multiple sclerosis in Shiraz
        فریده  انصافداران Athar Afshar
        The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on quality of life and happiness in M .S patients in Shiraz. The present study is a semi-experimental type. The statistical population of this study included Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on quality of life and happiness in M .S patients in Shiraz. The present study is a semi-experimental type. The statistical population of this study included all patients referring to the MS Society of Shiraz in 1397. Among them, 30 women were selected by available sampling and randomly assigned to two groups of the experimental and control group. The used scales included The quality of life questionnaire for patients with MS Ayatollahy (2006) and the Oxford happiness questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Covariate analysis). The results showed that the implementation of stress management training improves the quality of life(F=10.12, P<00.04) and happiness(F=118.84, P<0.01) in the experimental group compared to the control group. According to the results of the study, cognitive-behavioral stress management can improve the quality of life and happiness in these patients. Therefore, this training program can be used as an intervention program for the target group. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        2 - The role of companies on environmental pollution and its effects on women's health (Case study of female employees of Assaluyeh Petrochemicals)
        ِDavood HoseiniRad Hadi Abdi Ahmad Hashemi Mahdi Arshadi
        The main purpose of this study was to investigate the role and social commitment of companies on environmental damage and its consequences and effects on the health and health of employees. Case study of female staff of Assaluyeh Petrochemicals. This study examines the Full Text
        The main purpose of this study was to investigate the role and social commitment of companies on environmental damage and its consequences and effects on the health and health of employees. Case study of female staff of Assaluyeh Petrochemicals. This study examines the role, commitment, and support of petrochemicals on the health, health, and staffing of women in relation to pollution and its detrimental effects on the environment. Assaluyeh Petrochemicals. In this research, it is an applied research and a descriptive survey. Our statistical population consists of petrochemical workers in the south of the country who have been involved in bladder cancer and most of these patients are those whose working conditions are such that they should be kept in open space outside office sites and buildings. They are involved in industrial pollution such as green space, repairs, and so on. The statistical population of this study consisted of 58 patients who were selected using the Cochran formula. Accounting plays an important role in corporate social responsibility, environmental crises, existing standards and standards, revenues and costs, and insurance franchises. According to the results of the hypotheses, there is a direct relationship between the role and commitment of petrochemical managers due to its pollutants and its detrimental effects on the environment and the health and health of its female employees. Thus, the incidence of bladder cancer among petrochemical workers is directly related to their work environment. The results show that there is a direct and meaningful relationship between the role and social commitment of companies and the health and health of female employees and their environment. Therefore, managers should play an important role in reducing the illness and health of their employees with the responsibilities they are responsible for, as well as supporting their franchisees with an appropriate insurance franchise for their medical expenses. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        3 - Survey of Social Responsibility of Women Compared to Men (Case Study: Shiraz Financial Staff)
        Seyedeh zeinab ghaemi bob anari MohammadReza Meygoonpoori
        The social responsibility of the organization, which has been an issue of concern and an eye catching issue in recent years, is an essential factor for the survival of any organization. Demographic characteristics influence social responsibility. The purpose of this stu Full Text
        The social responsibility of the organization, which has been an issue of concern and an eye catching issue in recent years, is an essential factor for the survival of any organization. Demographic characteristics influence social responsibility. The purpose of this study was to investigate the social responsibility of women in comparison with men among the financial staff of Shiraz. The purpose of this study was to conduct a survey based on the purpose of applied research. The statistical population included the financial staff of Shiraz in 1398. The sample size of the study was 96 persons. A two-part questionnaire including Carroll's (1991) demographic and social responsibility questionnaire was used for data collection. In this study, the validity and reliability of the questionnaire were confirmed and the reliability of the questionnaire was measured by Cronbach's alpha. Data were analyzed by means of independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and data were analyzed using SPSS software version 22. Findings showed that the social responsibility of the financial staff was assessed. In addition, the findings of the study showed that there is a significant difference between the level of social responsibility with the variables of gender and education so that the tendency of women to social responsibility is higher than that of men. In the face of problems, they make more responsible decisions and take responsibility There is a significant difference among financial staff with master's degree than financial staff with associate's and bachelor's degree, and the results show that education is different in the two groups of men and women so that the average group of women is larger than the average group. However, there is no significant difference between social responsibility and marital status, work experience, and age. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        4 - Identifying and Measuring Factors affecting Entrepreneurial Intention in Engineering Students of Al-Zahra University
        esmaeel kalantari mahbubeh nourizadeh Abolghasem arabiun
        The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research, and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human reso Full Text
        The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research, and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human resources of universities, have a key role to play in this. The purpose of this study was to identify and measure the factors affecting entrepreneurial intention in engineering students of Al-Zahra University. For this purpose, a survey strategy with a sample size of 438 people was used. Research findings show that entrepreneurial personality traits have a significant positive relationship with students' attitudes to entrepreneurship. There is also a significant positive relationship between entrepreneurial attitude and students' entrepreneurial intentions. In addition, there was a significant positive relationship between perceived support for entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention, but no significant negative relationship between perceived barriers to entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention. Also, among the various engineering disciplines, mechanical engineering students, and among the various academic years, freshman students have the most entrepreneurial intention. The most important policy recommendations in this study include entrepreneurship training for students, continuous monitoring of entrepreneurship attitudes and students' entrepreneurial intentions, and finally, promotional activities and structural reforms to increase student entrepreneurship support and reduce student entrepreneurship barriers. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        5 - The Mediating Role of Spiritual Intelligence on the Relationship between Psychological Capital and Social Vitality of Shiraz Students
        Hajar Kohansal Maryam Tavakoli Fateme Panahi
        Target: The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of spiritual intelligence on the relationship between psychological capital and social vitality of Shiraz university students. Method: The research is descriptive and correlational. The statistica Full Text
        Target: The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating role of spiritual intelligence on the relationship between psychological capital and social vitality of Shiraz university students. Method: The research is descriptive and correlational. The statistical population of this study consisted of Shiraz University students in year 98. A total of 200 subjects were selected by convenience sampling from which 174 females and 28 males. Data were collected using King's Spiritual Intelligence Questionnaires, Lutz Psychological Capital, and Oxford Happiness Questionnaires. The data were analyzed by SPSS software using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, and regression. Findings: The results showed that the components of psychological capital, hope, and resilience were able to predict social happiness positively and significantly, and also the components of spiritual intelligence, critical thinking, personal meaning production, and awareness expansion, were able to predict social happiness. Positive and significant predictors and variables. Psychological capital and spiritual intelligence as the predictor variable and social vitality variable as the criterion variable were able to predict positive and significant social happiness, so it can be said that spiritual intelligence has a significant and mediating role between hope and optimism with social vitality. Conclusion: Based on the present results, it can be suggested that ways of enhancing spiritual intelligence in learning skills are to increase social vitality and hope among students since students have a basic need for these skills and this is an important issue with the implementation of the course. Training for students in different situations can also be effective Manuscript Document
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        6 - Comparison of the effects of maternal supportive care and Acupressure (at BL32 Acupoint) during labor on the mother’s anxiety level and Arterial oxygen pressure of the umbilical cord of infants (PO2)
        Zahra Masoudi Marziah AkbarZadeh Najaf Zare
        Background: The amount of umbilical cord blood gas reflects the fetus’ metabolic status and is one of the main diagnostic criteria of birth asphyxia. The question is whether anxiety caused by labor pain of the mother affects asphyxia birth and umbilical cord blood gase Full Text
        Background: The amount of umbilical cord blood gas reflects the fetus’ metabolic status and is one of the main diagnostic criteria of birth asphyxia. The question is whether anxiety caused by labor pain of the mother affects asphyxia birth and umbilical cord blood gases? Comparison of the effects of maternal supportive care and acupressure (BL32 acupoint) during labor on the mother’s anxiety level and Arterial oxygen pressure of the umbilical cord of infants (PO2). Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was performed on 150 pregnant women who were randomly assigned to two interventions and a control group in the delivery ward of the selected educational center of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shoushtari hospital). Mothers’ anxiety scores before (beginning of the active stage of labor) and after the intervention (the end of the first stage of labor) were measured using Spielberger’s questionnaire. then infants’ cord blood samples for arterial blood gas and hematologic analyses sent to the hospital’s laboratory. After all, the data with SPSS version16 and using Pearson’s correlation coefficient, one-way ANOVA, were analyzed. Results: The mean of anxiety score in the control group was 21.1% and in the support group and the acupressure group, decreased by 37.5% and 34.8% respectively (p<0.001). The mean of PO2 was also reported in maternal supportive, acupressure, and control groups, 40.4±8.8, 27.4±2.8, and 18.1±3.7, respectively. Additionally, a significant correlation was found between mothers’ anxiety scores after the intervention and the mean of PO2 (p=0.014). Conclusion: The supportive care and acupressure at BL32 acupoint reduced mothers’ anxiety and, consequently, improved fetal oxygenation. SO, the Support group was better than the acupressure group, but they were not statistically significant. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        7 - Identifying and Measuring Factors affecting Entrepreneurial Intention in Engineering Students of Al-Zahra University
        mahbubeh nourizadeh
        The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human resour Full Text
        The evolution of countries' economies from a resource-based economy to a knowledge-based economy doubles the need for universities to shift from teaching and research to triple education, research and entrepreneurship. Students, as one of the most important human resources of universities, have a key role to play in this. The purpose of this study was to identify and measure the factors affecting entrepreneurial intention in engineering students of Al-Zahra University. For this purpose, a survey strategy with a sample size of 438 people was used. Research findings show that entrepreneurial personality traits have a significant positive relationship with students' attitude to entrepreneurship. There is also a significant positive relationship between entrepreneurial attitude and students' entrepreneurial intention. In addition, there was a significant positive relationship between perceived support for entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention, but no significant negative relationship between perceived barriers to entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention. Also, among the various engineering disciplines, mechanical engineering students and among the various academic years, freshman students have the most entrepreneurial intention. The most important policy recommendations in this study include entrepreneurship training for students, continuous monitoring of entrepreneurship attitudes and students' entrepreneurial intentions, and finally, promotional activities and structural reforms to increase student entrepreneurship support and reduce student entrepreneurship barriers. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        8 - effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on quality of life and happiness in M .S patients in Shiraz
        فریده انصافداران،  اطهر افشار
        The purpose of this study was determining the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on quality of life and happiness in M .S patients in Shiraz.. The present study is semi- experimental type. The statistical population of this study included a Full Text
        The purpose of this study was determining the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral stress management training on quality of life and happiness in M .S patients in Shiraz.. The present study is semi- experimental type. The statistical population of this study included all patients referring to the MS Society of Shiraz in 1397. Among them, 30 woman were selected by available sampling and randomly assigned to two groups of experimental and control group. The used scales included The quality of life questionnaire for patients with MS Ayatollahy (2006) and the Oxford happiness questionnaire. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Covariate analyze). The results showed that the implementation of stress management training improves the quality of life(F=10.12, P<00.04) and happiness(F=118.84, P<0.01) in the experimental group compared to the control group. According to the results of the study, cognitive-behavioral stress management can improve the quality of life and happiness in these patients. Therefore, this training program can be used as an intervention program for the target group. Manuscript Document
      • Open Access Article

        9 - Society confronts uncircumcised women
        Mahboobeh BabaiiMohamadi Fariba Sedighi Rayeh Mozafarian
        The present study was carried out to explore the tendency of Lak women toward female genital mutilation (FGM) and their views toward this practice. Interviews were performed with 26 women who had the experience of FGM. Based on the findings, the women’s definition of FG Full Text
        The present study was carried out to explore the tendency of Lak women toward female genital mutilation (FGM) and their views toward this practice. Interviews were performed with 26 women who had the experience of FGM. Based on the findings, the women’s definition of FGM and its goals and factors varied among the three generations. Women of the first generation had been forced into FGM by the society, women of the second generation by their families and the third generation by men. The findings also revealed that the tradition of FGM was not a rough obligation among women in this region, and gypsies encouraged women of the first and second generations to undergo FGM by resorting to religious principles and the specific economic situation of the region, and cosmetic advertisements were what provoked the young women to undergo FGM. Manuscript Document
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        10 - The comparison of the effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Clomipramine in treating patients with obsessive compulsive disorders in men and women in the city of Shiraz
        Ali Derakhtkar Fatmemeh Najian Tabriz Hanie Mordadi Arame SafiKhani
        Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of ACT and Clomipramine was used to treat OCD and to determine the most effective type of treatment in reducing the symptoms of patients with OCD. Methods: This research was an applied and research project Full Text
        Introduction: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of ACT and Clomipramine was used to treat OCD and to determine the most effective type of treatment in reducing the symptoms of patients with OCD. Methods: This research was an applied and research project. It was a quasi-experimental study with pre-test, post-test, follow-up, and control groups. The research population was obsessive-compulsive disorder referring to counseling centers in the summer of 2018 and received a definitive diagnosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder. Sampling was done by the access method. Participants were randomly assigned to 3 groups of 15. Subjects were evaluated before and after the intervention by the Yale Brown questionnaire. To analyze the statistical data, analysis of variance (repeated measure) was used by SPSS software version 21. Findings: The findings of this study showed that both types of treatment in the short-term affects the improvement of symptoms of OCD (P<0/01), but in follow-up, ACT treatments maintained their therapeutic effect. Moreover, there was no significant difference between men and women statistically in this study. Conclusion: The findings of this study indicate a more lasting effect of treatment based on acceptance and commitment, and this seems to be important due to the combination of Eastern techniques and Western psychology that makes treatment more effective for Iranian patients. Manuscript Document
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        11 - Recognition of the religious approach in the field of women's employment in Iran: challenges, opportunities and Policy options
        Nader MotiHaghshenas
        Women's employment has always been discussed in various dimensions. The creation of paradox in the field of women's employment has raised questions among thinkers in the economic, social, moral, and religious spheres. The argument of this article is to see what is Islam Full Text
        Women's employment has always been discussed in various dimensions. The creation of paradox in the field of women's employment has raised questions among thinkers in the economic, social, moral, and religious spheres. The argument of this article is to see what is Islam's approach to women's employment? What are the obstacles and challenges facing the issue of women's employment in an Islamic society? This research has tried to analyze the economic and living conditions of women by documenting the systematic and exploratory study by reviewing the systematic studies conducted in this field and the theoretical considerations taken from the Islamic point of view, emphasizing its adaptation to the original religious teachings in Islamic Iran. Pay attention to the main purpose. The findings show that although Islam has given women the principle of economic independence, women are both the owners of their labor and production and have no responsibility for the family's economy, but in the context of handing over labor to women in Islam, the interests of society, the family It also takes into account individual circumstances and issues, which create limitations for women's work. Certificates of cognitive population show that women's economic participation has increased from 12.93 percent in the 1976 census to 16 percent in the 2016 census, indicating a change in the participation of women in the Islamic economy, a change in their personal and social identities. An increase in the number of female graduates, women’s employment in different economic sectors and increase in women's activity in management sectors compared to previous decades indicate a significant growth. However, the lack of equal opportunities in favor to men to find jobs, lower wages than men and the unemployment rate of women, especially in higher education, the existence of some social and cultural restrictions on women's employment, attitudes and misconceptions. Compared to the competence of women in various jobs, the expansion of gender inequality in access to resources and the consequent increase in harm due to the lack of readiness and recognition of society are the main concern and challenge of women's employment in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Manuscript Document
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        12 - Five major factors of personality and positive and negative perfectionism as predictor of symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder in adolescent girls
        Niloofar Shahidpoor Fatemeh Ajhdari Farzad Amiri
        The Relationship of Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symtoms with Five Big Factors of Personality and Perfectionism in 18-22 Years Old Girls in Shiraz. Purpose: The aim of the present study is evaluation the relation of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms with five big factors o Full Text
        The Relationship of Body Dysmorphic Disorder Symtoms with Five Big Factors of Personality and Perfectionism in 18-22 Years Old Girls in Shiraz. Purpose: The aim of the present study is evaluation the relation of body dysmorphic disorder symptoms with five big factors of personality and positive and negative perfectionism in 18-22 years old girls in Shiraz. Method: This study was descriptive- correlation type study which was and has been Performed on 300 students girls 18-22 years old of Fatemieh and Shiraz University. Which participants was selected using available convenient sampling method. Data collection instruments were questioners of Body Image Concern Inventory (BICI: Litelton,2005), short NEO form five big factors of personality (NEO- 60),Terry-short positive and negative perfectionism standard questioner and demographic questioner used. The data were analyzed by analysis with using SPSS-21 software. Findings: According to Obtained results based on Pearson correlation cofficiene showed that there is a significant positive correlation between variables neuroticism (B=0/395), extraversion (B=0/144) and agreeableness (B=0/089) with body dysmorphic disorder and there is no significant correlation between variables conscientiousness and openness with body dysmorphic disorder. Body dysmorphic disorder has a significant and negative relationship with negative perfectionism. It means that by increasing negative perfectionism, body dysmorphic disorder also increases and also, Regression analysis results show that negative perfectionism, is the most powerful predictor for body dysmorphic disorder (B=0/477). Furthermore between positive perfectionism with body dysmorphic disorder there is an indirect relationship (B=-0/224) it means that by increasing positive perfectionism component, body dysmorphic disorder decrease. Result Conclusion: obtained results showed that among five big factors of personality, the three most powerful factors of Neuroticism, agreeableness and extraversion are the most powerful predictor of body dysmorphic disorder. Also negative perfectionism can cause to increase disorders,this negative perfectionism can cause exhibit disorders;that this negative perfectionism can be in relation with personality traits variable that is an important element of predicting body dysmorphic disorder causing creation and corroboration of disorder;although personality traits possed with positive perfectionism can explain the revrse result of negative perfectionism. Manuscript Document
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        13 - Prediction of Parental stress based on early maladaptive schemas and quality of marital life in mothers with children with special needs
        Maryam Mirzaii Fenjani Banafshe Omidvar
        The aim of this study was to predict parenting stress based on early maladaptive schemas and quality of marital life in mothers with children with special needs in Shiraz. The research method was descriptive. The statistical population included all mothers of children w Full Text
        The aim of this study was to predict parenting stress based on early maladaptive schemas and quality of marital life in mothers with children with special needs in Shiraz. The research method was descriptive. The statistical population included all mothers of children with children with specific needs in Shiraz, using a sampling method, 220 subjects were selected. They completed parent stress questionnaires, marital quality of life, and early maladaptive schemas. To analyze the hypotheses, multiple regression analysis was used. Results in the first hypothesis showed that the quality of marital life could predict the parents' stress in mothers with children with special needs. In the second hypothesis, early maladaptive schemas could predict the stress of parents of mothers with children with special needs. In the third hypothesis, two variables of quality of life in marriage and early maladaptive schemes have been able to predict the stress of parents of mothers with children with special needs. Manuscript Document
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        14 - Investigating and comparision the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and personality disorder in addicted women
        Marzieh Aghaii Hojatollah Javidi Ghasem Naziri
        The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and characteristics of personality disorders among opioid-dependent women located in Shiraz centers addiction treatment. The research design was correlational. The statistical po Full Text
        The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and characteristics of personality disorders among opioid-dependent women located in Shiraz centers addiction treatment. The research design was correlational. The statistical population of this study consisted of 43 opioid-dependent women located in Shiraz addiction treatment centers who were selected by available sampling method andanswered the Young Schema Questionnaire (1988) and Millon Clinical Multi-Axis Questionnai (1987) and analyzed with Pearson correlation coefficient, t-test for dependent groups and multivariate regression of the input model. The present study has 2 research questions about the relationship between early maladaptive schemas and characteristics of personality disorders, differences in early maladaptive schemas and characteristics of personality disorders among women. The results showed that there is a significant correlation between early maladaptive schemas and the characteristics of personality disorders. The results of multivariate regression of the entry model also showed that schemas are able to predict the characteristics of personality disorders and also about the differences in characteristics of personality disorders among addicted women, only antisocial personality disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder were significant. Manuscript Document
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        15 - Recognition of Factors Affecting Women's Readability of Urban Space (Case Study: Ekbatan Town, Tehran)
        Maryam Rahmati Ali Asgari Zahra Sadat Kamone Sara Shayanfar
        Readability is one of the main characteristics of high-quality urban environments that allow the individual to establish a favorable relationship between the individual and the urban environment for a correct and deep understanding of the environment. When placed in a r Full Text
        Readability is one of the main characteristics of high-quality urban environments that allow the individual to establish a favorable relationship between the individual and the urban environment for a correct and deep understanding of the environment. When placed in a readable environment, the mental image of people in the form of cognitive maps of the environment, makes people navigate easily when moving in space and will not feel confused. Today, following modern urban planning and the emergence of modern residential complexes, due to the low quality of diversity, we see poor readability that Ekbatan town, as an example of modern urban planning, has poor readability. As gender affects perception and Environmental preference affects and among them, women constitute the largest population of the society, whose presence depends on readability and security in the environment. So the purpose of this article is to identify and create a readable urban space for women in Ekbatan and seeks to answer this question: What factors affect the readability of women from Ekbatan town and what is the distribution of factors in the town? This research has been done qualitatively and data analysis has been used for the final evaluation. This research firstly redefines the concepts of readability, mental image, cognitive map, women's perception using documentary studies and library resources, then based on the concepts extracted from the theoretical part of the research, identifying readability factors in Ekbatan town by field method and attending Town, preparation of mind maps, the questionnaire is realized, data is measured using percentage and reliability assessment is done with Spss software. Studies show that indigenous women with high residence time and well-understand, consider the town as a readable environment. They do not feel confused by their mental imagery of the town and its readability components. Factors affecting women's readability in the town are Basij Square, Sarem Hospital, and Nafisi Street, respectively, and the sections outside the residential blocks are more readable than the inner sections of the blocks. Manuscript Document
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        16 - Predicting the level of marital satisfaction of women compared to men based on spiritual intelligence in two groups of students
        Ramin Ghazanfari Asma Abyar Mahshid Tajrobekar
        This study aimed to predict the women's marital satisfaction level compared to men based on spiritual intelligence in two groups of students in Kerman. The sample of this study included 160 people selected by random sampling, 80 of whom were married seminary students of Full Text
        This study aimed to predict the women's marital satisfaction level compared to men based on spiritual intelligence in two groups of students in Kerman. The sample of this study included 160 people selected by random sampling, 80 of whom were married seminary students of Kerman, and the other 80 were married students of Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman. The King Spiritual Intelligence Questionnaire and the Inrich (Enrich) Marital Satisfaction Questionnaire were used to collect data. Pearson correlation, t-test, two independent groups, linear regression were used to analyze the collected data with SPSS 23 software. The results showed that there is a significant difference between spiritual intelligence and marital satisfaction between the two groups of students. Also, seminary students have more marital satisfaction than the other group (p <.001). There was no significant difference between the spiritual intelligence of men and women. Considering that spiritual intelligence shapes individual behaviors in society, it is effective in solving life problems. The purpose of this study was to clarify the importance of spirituality and spiritual intelligence on the level of marital satisfaction. Therefore, by strengthening spiritual intelligence in these two influential groups in society, it is possible to help increase marital satisfaction and empower them. Manuscript Document
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        17 - Comparative Study of Islamic and Western Perspective of Women’s participation in economic activities
        Soheila Biria
        Women make up half of the world’s population. Therefore, their economic activities, as half of the community workforce, are very effective in achieving economic growth and development. Different societies have different views about the extent of women’s participation in Full Text
        Women make up half of the world’s population. Therefore, their economic activities, as half of the community workforce, are very effective in achieving economic growth and development. Different societies have different views about the extent of women’s participation in economic activities. In the west view, Women enter the labor market without any restriction and engage the economic activities. Their job role is primarily in priority and important than the role of their mother and wife. But in Islam views, while emphasizing woman’s participation in economic activities, their roles as mother and wife are emphasized. Islam accepts woman’s employment under certain conditions. In this research, an attempt has been made to examine these two perspectives and compare them with each other. Then, the consequences and results of these views on the current situation of women in these societies are examined. This article has been prepared by descriptive and analytical methods, using library information. Manuscript Document
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        18 - Investigating the Relationship between Emotional Dysfunction, Sexual Excitement in Women Affected by Marital Infidelity in Bojnourd in 1399
        mojtaba aghili parasto yazdani
        This study aimed to investigate the relationship between emotional malaise and sexual arousal in women affected by marital infidelity in Bojnourd in 1399. This research is part of applied research in terms of purpose and descriptive survey research in terms of implement Full Text
        This study aimed to investigate the relationship between emotional malaise and sexual arousal in women affected by marital infidelity in Bojnourd in 1399. This research is part of applied research in terms of purpose and descriptive survey research in terms of implementation method. The statistical population of this study included 180 women affected by marital infidelity. According to Morgan's formula, 118 people were selected by stratified random sampling. The data collection tool was Toronto Emotional Dysfunction Questionnaire (1994), and a researcher-made questionnaire was used to measure sexual arousal in women. Multivariate stepwise regression analysis was used for statistical analysis. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between emotional malaise and sexual arousal in women affected by marital infidelity. The findings of this study can draw the attention of those in charge of the family education system to prepare appropriate educational programs to resolve marital conflicts and teach life skills. Manuscript Document
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        19 - The Effect of Laughter Yoga on Resilience and Hope to Live in COVID-19 Crisis among Women in the Zone 9 of Mashhad
        Sedigheh Karimi Razieh Lotfi
        The Corona crisis has had important psychological consequences. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of laughter yoga on resilience and hope in life due to the Corona crisis among women in Zone 9 of Mashhad city. This study was a quasi Full Text
        The Corona crisis has had important psychological consequences. Therefore, the main purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of laughter yoga on resilience and hope in life due to the Corona crisis among women in Zone 9 of Mashhad city. This study was a quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test with the experimental group. The statistical population of the present study included all women living in Zone 9 of Mashhad, 20 of whom were selected as a sample by available sampling method and taking into account the inclusion criteria and then placed in the experimental group. The subjects in the pre-test phase responded to the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and Snyder Hope Scale then were exposed to a laughter yoga intervention program for 16 two-hour sessions. In the post-test stage, the group answered the research questionnaires again. Data were collected and analyzed by t-test of dependent samples. The results showed that laughter yoga increases resilience and its components including the perception of individual competence, trust in individual instincts, tolerance of negative emotions, positive acceptance of change and safe relationships, control of spiritual effects, and also increase hope to live among women in the Zone 9 of Mashhad city. Laughter yoga exercises are a unique treatment with a focus on simulated laughter and deep breathing, which can be used in different ways to release the stored energy of various conditions such as coronavirus disease and life adverse events through laughter, reducing in this way physical stress, increase health and hope to live. Manuscript Document
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        20 - Predicting Women's Mental Health Shiraz City Based on Seven Evolutionary Lifestyles
        soode dashtiane kazem khorramdel
        This study aimed to investigate the relationship between seven components of women's lifestyle (sleep, omega-3 intake, exercise, sunlight, and socialization, using cyberspace and using traditional media) with their mental health according to an evolutionary point of vie Full Text
        This study aimed to investigate the relationship between seven components of women's lifestyle (sleep, omega-3 intake, exercise, sunlight, and socialization, using cyberspace and using traditional media) with their mental health according to an evolutionary point of view. The statistical population included women over 18 years old living in Shiraz in 1398-99, of which 182 women answered the questionnaires by sampling. Lifestyle questionnaires and Hopkins syndrome were used to collect data. Data analysis was performed using two tests of Pearson correlation coefficient and regression coefficient using SPSS-26 software. The results showed that in general, omega-3 consumption has a significant Curved linear dual relation with mental health. Among the subscales of the Hopkins sign, sleep also showed a significant positive relationship with somatization and obsessive-compulsive disorder. It can be seen that women's lifestyle has a great impact on their mental health, their children, and maintaining the physical and mental health of the family. Promoting a lifestyle that is more in line with women's evolutionary past is a more plausible perspective that can improve their mental health. Manuscript Document
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        21 - The Role of Self-efficacy and Emotional Intelligence in Predicting Marital Conflict Resolution among Mashhad University Students
        Masood Salehi Mohammad Javad  Asghari Ebrahim Abad
        Several factors affect marital satisfaction, among which we can mention self-efficacy and emotional intelligence. This study aims to predict conflict resolution based on two variables of self-efficacy and emotional intelligence. This study was descriptive-correlational. Full Text
        Several factors affect marital satisfaction, among which we can mention self-efficacy and emotional intelligence. This study aims to predict conflict resolution based on two variables of self-efficacy and emotional intelligence. This study was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population included all married students of the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Among them, 150 people from two faculties of literature and theology were selected using the cluster sampling method. Research tools included the Shering Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (Saffari Nia & Selgi, 2011), Sherer Self-efficacy (Sherer & Maddox, 1982), and the Kansas Marital Conflict Scale (Corcoran & Fisher, 2000). Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 21 and stepwise regression. Findings show that emotional intelligence with (Beta=24.6) and emotional intelligence with (Beta= 32.5) self-efficacy had significant effect on conflict resolution (P <0.01). Based on this study, emotional intelligence with self-efficacy have an important role in marital satisfaction. So this information can help in reducing conflict between couples. Manuscript Document
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        22 - The effectiveness of group counseling based on logotherapy on loneliness and depression of mothers with children with learning disabilities
        mohsen nazarifar neda ghanei far
        This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of group counseling based on logotherapy on reducing loneliness and depression in mothers with children with learning disabilities. The present study was semi-experimental. The statistical population was all mothers having Full Text
        This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of group counseling based on logotherapy on reducing loneliness and depression in mothers with children with learning disabilities. The present study was semi-experimental. The statistical population was all mothers having children with learning disabilities, referred to the Velayat Learning Disabilities Center in Ahvaz. Among whom, 20people were selected by the available sampling method and were divided randomly into experimental and control groups. Data collection in this study was conducted by the Behavior of Loneliness Questionnaire (UCLA) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Experimental group sessions were held with a logotherapy approach during ten 90-minute sessions. Descriptive statistics mean and standard deviation, and inferential statistics, multivariate and univariate analysis of covariance, were used. The results showed that group therapy based on logotherapy reduces loneliness and depression of mothers with children with learning disabilities (P˂0.01). Therefore, this therapeutic approach possibly is employed as an effective method to help reduce loneliness and depression in mothers of children with learning disabilities. Manuscript Document
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        23 - The relationship between depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder with marital satisfaction in pregnant women In Malekan, 2018
        Fariba AzizNejhad Gholamheydar  Nikkho Saba Mohamad Gh N MAHSA SALIMI KIVI Hojjat Aziznejhad
        Marital satisfaction is one of the factors for progress and achieving life goals while having psychological problems such as depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder can be obstacles to achieving these goals. This study aims to investigate the relationship between d Full Text
        Marital satisfaction is one of the factors for progress and achieving life goals while having psychological problems such as depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder can be obstacles to achieving these goals. This study aims to investigate the relationship between depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder with marital satisfaction in pregnant women in Malekan. This research is descriptive-analytical. The statistical population included primiparous women of Malekan city in 2019. Hundred people were selected from the clients of health centers, using the available sampling method. Data collection tools were the Beck questionnaire to determine the degree of depression, the Madzley Obsessive-compulsive disorder, and Enrich questionnaire to determine marital satisfaction, completed by interview. Data were analyzed by Chi-square, Fisher, Pearson, and multiple linear regressions. The results of multiple linear regression of the effect of depression on marital satisfaction showed that depression had a statistically significant relationship with the subscales of marital satisfaction, relationship, conflict resolution, and ideal distortion. Also, the results of multiple linear regression of the effect of obsession on marital satisfaction showed that obsession had a statistically significant relationship with the subscales of communication and ideal distortion. In conclusion, the present study showed that the relationship between depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder with marital satisfaction is inverse. Marital satisfaction in pregnant women with depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder was lower than in healthy people. Therefore, it should be considered as one of the important priorities to reduce these problems. Manuscript Document
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        24 - Predicting Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Symptoms Based on Personality Factors in Female College Students in Shiraz
        shiva zare Seyed Mehdi Hosseini
        The present study was aimed to examine the personality factors as predictors of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The present study was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical society of this study included all female college students studying at universities in Full Text
        The present study was aimed to examine the personality factors as predictors of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. The present study was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical society of this study included all female college students studying at universities in Shiraz city during 2019-2020 among which 256 students were selected through multi stage cluster sampling and then questionnaires were distributed among them. In order to collect data were used the Padua Inventory-Washington State University Revision and Hexaco-60 questionnaire. The data were analyzed through Pearson correlation coefficient, multiple linear regression with SPSS-16 software. The results of this study showed that among personality dimensions, honesty/humility, extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness have significantly negative correlation with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder symptoms and among them only conscientiousness (Beta=-0.18) could significantly predict Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder symptoms. Based on results of this study it can be concluded that conscientiousness has more important role in predicting Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder symptoms and in vulnerability to this disorder. Since mental health is an important factor in quality of life, psychotherapists can keep these information in mind during diagnosing and therapy sessions. Manuscript Document
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        25 - Strategies to deal with the collapse of the family unit based on the teachings of the Holy Quran (The verses of Surah Talaq)
        Ebrahim Kalantari Fateme Layeghi
        One of the harms that the local community recognizes is the deterioration of the marital bond and the collapse of the family unit due to divorces, which have many negative consequences in various aspects of human life; concerning divorce consequences, it prevents it fro Full Text
        One of the harms that the local community recognizes is the deterioration of the marital bond and the collapse of the family unit due to divorces, which have many negative consequences in various aspects of human life; concerning divorce consequences, it prevents it from being found of marriage. The Holy Qur'an, as the pure and important source of Islam, has offered beneficial strategies to preserve the family unit and reduce divorces. This study aimed to find the strategies to deal with the center of the collapsing family, which are stated in Surah Al-Talaq; these strategies are into two categories: action, insight, and tendency. In Al-Talaq Surah, the practical strategies are observed, including a specific time limit for divorce, the presence of a woman at her husband's home during the divorce period, a proper separation, and the presence of two just witnesses overseeing the divorce. The strategies of insight and inclination of Surah Al-Talaq are remembrance of God, invitation to piety, divine protection, divine command, belief in the resurrection, learning from the punishment of rebellious human beings of the past, paying attention to the power and knowledge of God. Manuscript Document
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        26 - Investigating the mediating role of cognitive flexibility and cognitive control in the relationship between mindfulness and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in women
        reza chalmeh fatemeh abdolahi
        The present study was conducted to investigate a causal model for identifying the prognosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder based on mindfulness, control and cognitive flexibility in women. The present study was a descriptive correlational study in which the assumed re Full Text
        The present study was conducted to investigate a causal model for identifying the prognosis of obsessive-compulsive disorder based on mindfulness, control and cognitive flexibility in women. The present study was a descriptive correlational study in which the assumed relationships between variables were investigated using the path analysis method. In this model, the mindfulness variable was considered as an exogenous variable, and cognitive control and flexibility were considered as mediating variables and symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder as an endogenous variable. The statistical population included all women aged 18 and over living in Shiraz, of which 150 were selected as a sample group by random sampling. The tools used in this study included Yale Brown obsessive-compulsive disorder questionnaires, Freiburg mindset (short form), and cognitive control and flexibility. The results showed that mindfulness predicts the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder inversely and significantly (β = -0.35). Cognitive flexibility (β = -0.24) and cognitive control (β = -0.23) were also negative and significant predictors of obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms. Mindfulness was a positive and significant predictor of cognitive control (β = 0.80) and cognitive flexibility (β = 0.60). Finally, cognitive flexibility and cognitive control were able to mediate the role of exogenous and intrinsic variables. Play a child. Accordingly, mindfulness can reduce the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder by affecting the two variables of cognitive flexibility and cognitive control. Mindfulness predicts the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder inversely and significantly. In addition, cognitive flexibility is a negative and significant predictor of symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder; In addition, both cognitive flexibility and cognitive control variables could play a mediating role between exogenous and endogenous variables. Accordingly, mindfulness can reduce the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder by affecting the two variables of cognitive flexibility and cognitive control. Manuscript Document
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        27 - Sociological Analysis of the Role and Position of Social Capital in the Lifestyle of Female Employees: Presenting a grounded Theory in the Corona Crisis
        alireza sanatkhah mehri arabi
        In the face of the coronavirus crisis today, not only the issue of the lifestyle of women who are directly related to coronary heart disease has been considered. But also, the quality of social relations of working women in interaction with social capital (trust, networ Full Text
        In the face of the coronavirus crisis today, not only the issue of the lifestyle of women who are directly related to coronary heart disease has been considered. But also, the quality of social relations of working women in interaction with social capital (trust, network Citizens' communication, and participation with the health programs of the Corona Anti-Corruption Headquarters has taken attention. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the role and position of social capital in the quality of life of women employees of Kerman University of Medical Sciences during the corona. The present research has applied purpose and descriptive research methods. In terms of the type of study, it is qualitative research based on the data method of the foundation. Statistical population includes all staff of Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 1399. Participants in the study are 28 female employees in this University. Semi-structured interviews have been used as data collection tools. Also, three methods have been utilized to achieve the reliability criterion. These methods include control or validation by members, analytical comparisons, and audit techniques usage. Data have been analyzed in three stages of open, selective, and selective (pivotal) coding according to procedure Based on the background theory. Based on the findings, factors such as the underlying structure of participation, the quality of communication networks, trust, and fear of job security as the most important factors influencing the lifestyle during the corona (strengthening virtual networks, watching virtual movies and series, awareness emergence Political, online shopping, etc.) are considered as background conditions. Social indifference and intra-group social capital are also known as intervening conditions. Quality of health services, promotion of mental health, and environmental health are the most important strategies, and economic disorder, health and treatment, and ultimately poor social support and social alienation are introduced as consequences. The results show that health-oriented social capital possibly strengthened in female employees using cyberspace. In which necessary training to comply with health protocols is created through virtual networks, and encourage virtual social trust and pursue active participation. Manuscript Document
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        28 - Investigating the Role of Women in the Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Tendencies of Companies and Financial Performance in Companies Listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange.
        Seyed Davod Hosseini Rad Mostafa Ghasemi Abdol Reza Mohseni
        In developing countries, women play a significant role in promoting families, also the growth and development of their countries. The success of women entrepreneurs in societies brings economic advantages and creates social and cultural benefits. Countries consider entr Full Text
        In developing countries, women play a significant role in promoting families, also the growth and development of their countries. The success of women entrepreneurs in societies brings economic advantages and creates social and cultural benefits. Countries consider entrepreneurship due to three reasons; "wealth creation, technology development, and productive employment." However, in Iran, this concept is simply synonymous with "employment" by mistake, and we are moving towards entrepreneurship only to solve the employment problem. The present study investigates the role of women in the relationship between entrepreneurial tendencies of companies and financial performance in companies listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange. For this purpose, data related to 140 companies listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange between the years 2013 to 2020 were collected and examined by the method of the structural equation (PLS). Findings from the study show that women have a moderating role between the criteria of entrepreneurial orientation and performance indicators of the company. It means that the role of women will improve the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and corporate financial performance. Manuscript Document
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        29 - Measuring and Comparing Attitudes toward Hijab and Spiritual Intelligence among Married and Single Students (Case Study: Fatemieh Higher Education Institute, Shiraz)
        Esmaeel Kalantari Fateme Taghadosi
        The purpose of this study was to measure and compare attitudes toward hijab and spiritual intelligence among married and single students. For this purpose, female students in Shiraz Fatemieh Higher Education Institute were picked as a statistical population. Among all s Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to measure and compare attitudes toward hijab and spiritual intelligence among married and single students. For this purpose, female students in Shiraz Fatemieh Higher Education Institute were picked as a statistical population. Among all students in 2021-2022, 233 people were selected as a sample by random sampling method. In this research, descriptive and ANOVA mean comparison test was used, data were collected using the King Spiritual Intelligence Scale (SISRI) and the standard test of attitude towards hijab. Findings show that attitudes toward hijab are significantly higher among married students than single students. Also, the attitude towards the hijab decreases with age. In addition, spiritual intelligence is higher among married students than single students, but this difference is not significant. Spiritual intelligence also increases with age. The findings of this study have important policy and managerial implications for policymakers in higher education, especially the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution and the Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, also the directors of universities and higher education centers. Manuscript Document
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        30 - Investigating the effect of socialization on the development of sports participation of female students of Islamic Azad University, Shiraz Branch
        Zahra Sadeghi niloufar azadi
        The present study aimed to investigate the effect of socialization on the development of sports participation of female students of the Islamic Azad University of Shiraz. The methods of this study are causal (1983). Respectively the reliability and validity of the quest Full Text
        The present study aimed to investigate the effect of socialization on the development of sports participation of female students of the Islamic Azad University of Shiraz. The methods of this study are causal (1983). Respectively the reliability and validity of the questionnaire were evaluated using conventional methods. For data analysis, statistical methods of Kolmogorov–Smirnov, Pearson correlation, regression, ANOVA, and structural models were used. All the present data were analyzed using SPSS software version 20. The results clearly show that the family plays an influential role in the sports participation development of female students of the Islamic Azad University of Shiraz. It should be noted that the role of families in promoting female students' sports participation is of particular interest. Manuscript Document
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        31 - A survey of the roots and cultural aspects of virginity
        Marziye Zadsham Marziye Borzoeyan
        Virginity can be studied in various ways. Although virginity is a biological feature, it has been represented in different manifestations throughout history. Virginity is part of a woman's genitals. However, the conceptual meaning of virginity is not limited to women's Full Text
        Virginity can be studied in various ways. Although virginity is a biological feature, it has been represented in different manifestations throughout history. Virginity is part of a woman's genitals. However, the conceptual meaning of virginity is not limited to women's physiology. It also has penetrated the cultural and gender relations of societies, and in many cases, has determined the customary, moral, and legal criteria and standards. This study seeks to answer the question: What are the sources and roots of virginity and its meaning in human societies? To this end, virginity was reviewed in a sample of myths, religions, some primitive and modern communities. The results suggest that the concepts of virginity in different societies are related to the mythological, historical, economic, and cultural contexts and characteristics. These components generally confirmed virginity as a virtue throughout the history of most societies. Manuscript Document
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        32 - The Study of the Role of Islamic Azad University in Educational, Cultural and Economic Affairs of Women in the Shahr-e-babak
        Rokhsareh asadi korom
        The growth of educational and scientific institutions provides the ground for the effective participation of individuals in a society in social, economic, political and cultural developments. Islamic Azad University in the country has created an opportunity for women to Full Text
        The growth of educational and scientific institutions provides the ground for the effective participation of individuals in a society in social, economic, political and cultural developments. Islamic Azad University in the country has created an opportunity for women to play an active role in various cultural, social, political and economic fields and to change society's attitude towards women's abilities with self-confidence. Development will not be possible without women's participation . The practices and consequences of Islamic Azad University in different fields (cultural, social, economic) in the country have been different, The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of Islamic Azad University branch Shahr-e Babak on educational, cultural, social and economic affairs of women in Family excellence in Shahr-e Babak. Therefore, the impact of Islamic Azad University on educational, cultural, social and economic affairs of women has been studied. The method of this research is descriptive-analytical, applied and survey. This method is data collection, documentary and field study (researcher-made questionnaire). The statistical population of the study is employees, students, housewives, freelancers and students living in Shahr-e Babak. The sample size is 500 people and SPSS software has been used to enter information and data and analyze them. The result of Islamic Azad University has an effect on educational affairs (T = 79.16, P <5%), cultural-social affairs (T = 60.85, P <5%) and economic affairs (T = 93.37, P <5%) Women in Shahr-e Babak city Manuscript Document
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        33 - تأثیر مؤلفه های هویت ملی مربیان زن پیش دبستانی بر میزان یادگیری مهارت های زبان آموزی نوآموزان استان سمنان
        Shokofeh  Hemati Marzieh  Bahar rostami
        پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر مؤلفه های هویت ملی مربیان پیش دبستانی بر میزان یادگیری مهارت های زبان آموزی نوآموزان استان سمنان انجام شده است. روش پژوهش توصیفی-پیمایشی است و جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل مربیان (خانم)پیش دبستانی در سال تحصیلی 1400-1399به تعداد 91نفر می باشد Full Text
        پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر مؤلفه های هویت ملی مربیان پیش دبستانی بر میزان یادگیری مهارت های زبان آموزی نوآموزان استان سمنان انجام شده است. روش پژوهش توصیفی-پیمایشی است و جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل مربیان (خانم)پیش دبستانی در سال تحصیلی 1400-1399به تعداد 91نفر می باشدکه به شیوه نمونه گیری تصادفی خوشه ای انتخاب شدند . ابزار جمع آوری داده ها، پرسشنامه محقق ساخته مهارت زبان آموزی با 9خرده مقیاس و هویت ملی با 4 خرده مقیاس است.جهت روایی صوری و محتوایی آن از نظر صاحب نظران و متخصصان حوزه کودک و تعلیم و تربیت و پایایی پرسشنامه از آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شد. داده های گرده آوری شده به کمک آمار توصیفی(فراوانی، میانگین و انحراف معیار) و آمار استنباطی(همبستگی اسپیرمن و آزمون کای دو)مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند. ارتباط آماری قوی بین "تاثیر آشنایی و احترام گذاردن به آداب و رسوم و مناسبت های دینی و ملی مربیان" با ”شکل گیری کسب توانش نسبی زبانی و ارتباطی نوآموزان (مهارت های زبان آموزی نو آموزان )"مشاهده شد (p valeu<0.05) به عبارت دیگر با افزایش آشنایی و احترام گذاردن به آداب و رسوم و مناسبت های دینی و ملی مربیان مولفه شکل گیری کسب توانش نسبی زبانی و ارتباطی نوآموزان افزایش پیدا میکند؛همچنین بین تحصیلات مربیان و هویت ملی آنها و مهارت زبان آموزی نوآموزان ارتباط معناداری وجود ندارد .(p valeu>0.05) Manuscript Document
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        34 - Predictive role of early maladaptive schemas and personality characteristics of women’s nature and character of Shiraz City in the process and content of family
        Nasrin Atrijoo
        The family is deemed as the first and foremost social institution that is considered as the basis for experiences, emotional excitations, cognitions, and perceptions of individuals from the surrounding world and women may play undeniable role in family with their person Full Text
        The family is deemed as the first and foremost social institution that is considered as the basis for experiences, emotional excitations, cognitions, and perceptions of individuals from the surrounding world and women may play undeniable role in family with their personality characteristics, thoughts, attitudes, performance, and behaviors in family structure. To this end, it has been dealt with exploration in role of early maladaptive schemas and temperament- personality characteristics and contributory role of women and their impact on process and content of family in this investigation and two hypotheses of early maladaptive schemas and temperament- personality characteristics and contributory role of the married women and predictive process and content of family have been examined. The present study has been carried out on 120 married women (20-60 years) at Shiraz City between available sampling and the research tools included Young Early Maladaptive Schema Questionnaire(1998),Cloninger Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), and also Process and Content of Family Questionnaire (Samani). The given data were analyzed using statistical descriptive and inferential tests including Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multi-stage regression in synchronous form. The results of the current research suggest confirmation of research major hypotheses according which the early maladaptive schemas and women’s temperament- contributory personality characteristics act as positive and significant predictor for process and content of family where generally these schemas can predict 20.10% of variance of family process and also 35.20% of family content. Likewise, temperament and contributory personality characters may generally predict 41.5% of variance of this process and 22.5% of variance of family content. Hence, with respect to the findings derived from this survey, it was identified that the early maladaptive schemas,beliefs,behaviors and temperament- contributory personality characters womens are significantly related to process and content of family and they can act as predictor for them as well. Manuscript Document
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        35 - Investigating the effect of socialization on the development of sports participation of female students of Islamic Azad University, Shiraz Branch
        Zahra Sadeghi niloufar azadi
        The present study aimed to investigate the effect of socialization on the development of sport participation of female students of Islamic Azad University of Shiraz was designed. Methods This study is causal. (1983), respectively. Reliability and validity of the questio Full Text
        The present study aimed to investigate the effect of socialization on the development of sport participation of female students of Islamic Azad University of Shiraz was designed. Methods This study is causal. (1983), respectively. Reliability and validity of the questionnaire was evaluated using conventional methods. In order to present data analysis statistical method Klvmvgraf Smirnov, Pearson correlation, regression, ANOVA and structural equation model was used. All the present data analysis was performed using SPSS version 20. The results clearly show that the family plays an important role in influencing the development of sport participation of female students of Islamic Azad University of Shiraz is capable of. It is necessary to note that the role of families in promoting sport participation of students of special attention. Manuscript Document
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        36 - The Relationship between Family Communication Patterns with Meaning in Life on High School Students in Shiraz
        raziyeh shakibafard reza chalmeh
        The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of family communication patterns(conversation and conformity)and the meaning in life(presence of meaning and search for meaning).The research sample included 120 first period high school stu Full Text
        The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of family communication patterns(conversation and conformity)and the meaning in life(presence of meaning and search for meaning).The research sample included 120 first period high school students in Shiraz(60 girls and 60 boys)who were selected by multi-stage cluster random sampling. The data collected by questionnaire of family communication patterns (Fitzpatrick and Ritchie, 1990) and the meaning in life questionnaire (Steger, 2010). Cronbach's Alpha was calculated to examine reliability of the measures. The power of dimensions of family communication patterns (conversation and conformity) was examined in predicting the meaning in life (presence of meaning and search for meaning) by using correlation test and simultaneous regression analysis. According to the results of this study, the dimensions of family communication patterns were able to predict the search for meaning and the strongest prediction was related to the conversation dimension (p <0.05), but the presence of meaning was not predictable by the dimensions of family communication patterns. Whereas, proper communication of family members plays an important role in creating a search for meaning in children, it can be strengthened to increase meaning in life. Manuscript Document
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        37 - Predicting Attitudes Toward Infidelity Based On Psychological Capital And Spiritual Well-being In Womens
        somaye mahjoob Seyed Mehdi Hosseini
        Aim: The aim of this study was to predict the attitude towards marital infidelity of women in Shiraz based on psychological capital and spiritual well-being. Method: The statistical population of the present study was women in Shiraz. Using available sampling method, 25 Full Text
        Aim: The aim of this study was to predict the attitude towards marital infidelity of women in Shiraz based on psychological capital and spiritual well-being. Method: The statistical population of the present study was women in Shiraz. Using available sampling method, 250 people were selected as a sample and to collect information, questionnaires of attitude to marital infidelity, psychological capital and spiritual well-being were used, the information of which was analyzed using SPSS24 software. Findings: The results of simultaneous regression indicate that Psychological capital (=-0/80, p<0/04) Three components of self-efficacy (=-0/45, p<0/01), hope (=-0/35, p<0/02), resilience (=-0/36, p<0/05) Also, spiritual well-being (=-0/18, p<0/01), The two components of religious health (=-0/19, p<0/01), existential health (=0/22, p<0/001) were predictors of attitudes toward marital infidelity. Conclusion: The results of the study were discussed based on the research and theoretical. principles According to the research findings, with the increase of psychological capital and spiritual well-being in women, the attitude towards marital infidelity becomes negative and the results of this research can be used in family counseling centers, infidelity treatment and premarital counseling. Manuscript Document
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        38 - The Relationship between Conformity to Feminine Norms and Perceptions of Gender Discrimination with Quality of Life of Iranian Women: The Mediating Role of Self-silencing
        Marziyeh Sadeghzadeh sheyda Beshardeh farhad khormaei
        In recent decades, studies related to women's health and quality of life have emphasized the notable role of feminine norms and gender discrimination. This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of self-silencing components in the relationship between conformity Full Text
        In recent decades, studies related to women's health and quality of life have emphasized the notable role of feminine norms and gender discrimination. This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of self-silencing components in the relationship between conformity to feminine norms and perception of gender discrimination with the quality of life of employed and student women aged 18 to 40. The sample included 687 women in Kazerun who participated in this study virtually by responding to the questionnaire link. This link is composed of items related to the four tools: Conformity to Feminine Norms Inventory (Parent and Moradi, 2010), Schedule of Sexist Events (Klonoff and Landrin, 1995), the Silencing the Self Scale (Jack and Dale, 1992), and WHO Quality of Life Questionnaire- Brief form. The analysis results, performed using structural equation modeling in AMOS-22, showed that conformity to feminine norms and perceptions of gender discrimination, in addition to direct impact, indirectly and through self-silencing components, also affected various aspects of women's quality of life. These results showed that the emphasis of the WHO on the necessity of attention to women's understanding of social discrimination and gender norms is a serious matter and should be considered for Iranian women. Manuscript Document
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        39 - Investigating the Relationship Between Self¬-¬Compassion and Body Management in Women
        Seyed Mehdi Hosseini Fahimeh Momen
        This study aimed to investigate the relationship between self-compassion and body management in women. The present study was descriptive and correlational. The study's statistical population consisted of all women in Shiraz in 2021. Among them, 300 women were selected f Full Text
        This study aimed to investigate the relationship between self-compassion and body management in women. The present study was descriptive and correlational. The study's statistical population consisted of all women in Shiraz in 2021. Among them, 300 women were selected from the statistical population by available sampling method as the sample size. Data were collected using Self-Compassion Questionnaire (Reiss, Puminer, Neff, and Wanguchta (2011) (SCS-SF)) and Online Object Awareness Questionnaire (McKinley and Hyde (2001)). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation analysis and SPSS statistical software. Findings from Pearson correlation analysis, related to examining the significant relationship between self-compassion and changes in body management in women, showed a significant negative relationship between the components, including self-kindness, self-judgment, human sharing, isolation, mindfulness, extreme assimilation, and changes in body management. The present study results emphasize the role and importance of self-compassion in dealing with behaviors related to body management. Cultivating a compassionate mind can control the negative behavioral consequences associated with maladaptive body management, which can have many practical implications for women. Manuscript Document
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        40 - Relationship between Permeability and the Presence of Women in Residential Towns (Case Study: Hezar Dastgah and Dowlatabad Residential Towns, Tehran)
        Fatemeh Khodadadi Agh Ghal’e Ali Asgari
        Women constitute half of the global population. Currently, one of the main needs of females in society is to be present in urban spaces with security. In this regard, it is of great importance to improve the quality of urban spaces for the presence of all members of soc Full Text
        Women constitute half of the global population. Currently, one of the main needs of females in society is to be present in urban spaces with security. In this regard, it is of great importance to improve the quality of urban spaces for the presence of all members of society, especially women. Therefore, the permeability of urban spaces is one of the most important factors enabling the continuous presence of women in urban spaces. Enhancing the permeability of urban spaces will improve security, thereby leading to the significant presence and the establishment of social interactions in the public area. The present research is a descriptive-analytical study carried out to understand the relationship between the presence of women and security provided by permeability in Dowlat Abad and Hezar Dastgah residential towns in Tehran. To this end, 309 women live in Hezar Dastgah residential town, and 289 women live in Dowlat Abad residential town. Those who have had a residency history of at least two years are randomly selected (the sample size was estimated using Cochran's formula), and obtained data are analyzed using SPSS 22 software. The results indicate that the residents of Hezardastgah residential town experience significantly higher permeability in the public spaces compared to those of Dowlat Abad residential town. While about 52.2% of the residents of Hezar Dastgah residential town have the feeling of security, 37% of the residents in Dowlat Abad residential town have this feeling. Moreover, examining the relationship between security provided by permeability and the presence of women indicates that factors such as visual control and accessibility and legibility are the most important factors playing a role in providing security, followed by spatial integrity. Manuscript Document
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        41 - The Relationship between of Academic Burnout and Academic Conflict with the Mediating Role of Academic Resilience
        sekineh Geraeeli Abolghasem  Barimani behrang esmaeilishad
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between of academic burnout and academic conflict with the mediating role of academic resilience. The research applied in terms of purpose and method was descriptive, correlational one. The statistical popula Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between of academic burnout and academic conflict with the mediating role of academic resilience. The research applied in terms of purpose and method was descriptive, correlational one. The statistical population of the study included all female high school students in Behshahr in the number of 2110. The statistical sample was 325 people using Krejcie and Morgan table, and stratified random sampling according to educational level. The instruments for collecting data were Questionnaires of Salanova & Schiofli Academic Burnout (2007), Rio Academic Conflict (2013) & Samuel's Academic Resilience (2004) Questionnaire. The collected data was used for analyzed by Structural equation modeling using the partial least squares method (PLS). The results of this study showed that there is a significant relationship between academic burnout and academic resilience with academic conflict. 78.1% of academic conflict and 51.3% of academic resilience is explained by academic burnout. And the academic resilience variable has a mediator effect on the relationship between academic burnout and academic conflict. Fit indices indicate that the proposed model is an appropriate fit. Manuscript Document
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        42 - The effectiveness of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on the meaning in life and grief experience in bereaved adolescents
        Shima Shameli reza chalmeh kazem khorramdel
        The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on meaning in life and grief experience in bereaved adolescents. The present method was a quasi-experiment and a post-test, pre-test type. The statistical population Full Text
        The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of cognitive emotion regulation strategies on meaning in life and grief experience in bereaved adolescents. The present method was a quasi-experiment and a post-test, pre-test type. The statistical population consisted of all secondary school students in Kazeroon, among whom 20 students were selected who were experienced the grief of the immediate family by purposive sampling and randomly appointed in experimental and control groups. All participants completed the Grief Experience Questionnaire (GEQ) and the Meaning in Life (MIL) in the pre-test and post-test stages. Education of cognitive emotion regulation strategies was performed in eight sessions for the experimental group, based on the Grass model (2008). indicated the significant effect of the training of cognitive regulatory strategies on the total scores of GEQ, MIL, and all components of these two variables (P <0.05), except for the search for meaning. According to the current findings, cognitive emotion regulation strategies can be suggested to increase the meaning in life and reduce the experience of grief in adolescents. Manuscript Document
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        43 - Islam views the economic performance of women and their role in the economic development of the Muslim community
        Soheila Biria
        By explaining the genuine status of women, Islam has considered many financial and economic rights for women; however, in Islamic financial law, women have no financial responsibility for providing the family means of livelihood for their household. Therefore, women hav Full Text
        By explaining the genuine status of women, Islam has considered many financial and economic rights for women; however, in Islamic financial law, women have no financial responsibility for providing the family means of livelihood for their household. Therefore, women have financial independence, and all rights such as inheritance, dowry, alimony, income from work belong to women based on the Islamic legal system. No one has the right to attack, demand, and seize this right. In addition, women are involved in the foundation of economic development and the creation of human capital. This paper explores the Islamic view of women's economic status. Then, the role of women in the economic development of Islamic society is evaluated, and suggestions are made to enhance women's empowerment. This article is descriptive and analytical. Manuscript Document
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        44 - The function of women in a resistance economy
        sakineh ganjkhanloo Maryam Alizade
        The function of women in the resistance economy is one of the important and influential reasons in society, family, and particularly in the society's economy. Paying attention to the principles governing female personality, the origin, and source of the distinction betw Full Text
        The function of women in the resistance economy is one of the important and influential reasons in society, family, and particularly in the society's economy. Paying attention to the principles governing female personality, the origin, and source of the distinction between function in male and female resistance economics also cause biological, behavioral, economic, and legislative differences. In religious thought, although employment is considered a right for women, it is never imposed on them as an economic obligation. Creating attitudes of resistance economy can pave the way for a healthy and refreshing family and society, away from harm. In this article, documentary methods are used to deal with the consequence of economic actions in Islamic lifestyle researchers, achieving a resistant economy and transformation in the family. Which first defines women, family, society, and resistance economy, and then the undeniable effects of women, both positively and negatively, are considered. Finally, according to the findings, it attempts to realize the trend of changes in the future based on the emphasis on the resistance economy. Manuscript Document